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Psychological Disorders 2023

Understand what é the claustrophobia

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Understand what é the claustrophobia
Understand what é the claustrophobia

Claustrophobia is a psychological disorder characterized by the person's inability to stay a long time in closed environments or with little air circulation, such as in elevators, crowded trains or closed rooms, which can lead to the emergence of other psychological disorders., such as agoraphobia, for example. Learn more about agoraphobia.

This phobia can lead to symptoms such as shortness of breath, dry mouth, increased heart rate and feeling of fear, which can happen in children, young people, adults or the elderly, regardless of social class and must be treated with mediation and psychotherapy sessions.

Symptoms of claustrophobia

Claustrophobia is mainly characterized by the feeling of fear, anguish and anxiety when the person is in closed or uncomfortable environments or even when they imagine themselves in such a situation. The main ones of claustrophobia are:

  • Sweating;
  • Tachycardia;
  • Dry mouth;
  • Fear and anguish.

The person believes that the walls are moving, the ceiling is lowering and the space is decreasing, for example, which stimulates the onset of symptoms. The symptoms of claustrophobia can also lead to excessive and constant worry related to fear, and this phobia can develop into generalized anxiety disorder. See all about Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

Treatment for claustrophobia

Treatment for claustrophobia can be done through psychotherapy sessions that can sometimes be associated with the use of anxiolytics and antidepressants that can help to reduce the symptoms of the phobia and the risk of developing depression, since it is the habit of these individuals to isolate themselves from the world in places they think are safe, such as their own bedroom.

Treatment takes time, but it achieves good results, and that is why claustrophobia has control, which will only be achieved when the treatment is followed correctly. Psychotherapy sessions are fundamental, as they aim to directly or indirectly expose the person to situations in which they feel afraid, anxious and distressed, making them face the fear and start to feel better in the face of these situations.

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