Logo femininebook.com
Symptoms 2023

Characterísics of sídown ​​syndrome: físics, cognitive and behavioral

Table of contents:

Characterísics of sídown ​​syndrome: físics, cognitive and behavioral
Characterísics of sídown ​​syndrome: físics, cognitive and behavioral

Down syndrome is a genetic condition caused by a mutation on chromosome 21, causing the child to be born with specific physical characteristics such as slanted eyes, short stature or a large tongue, for example, in addition to being able to cause a number of he alth problems for the child, such as heart failure or hypothyroidism.

This genetic alteration can also cause delays in intellectual development such as difficulty walking, speaking, learning or using the hands, for example, which can vary greatly between people with the syndrome.

However, some of these characteristics may also be present in newborns who do not have the syndrome.Thus, the best way to confirm the diagnosis is to perform a genetic test, in order to identify the existence of alterations in chromosome 21. Learn more about Down syndrome.

The features of Down syndrome can be divided into three categories which include:

1. Physical characteristics

Children with Down syndrome are usually identified shortly after birth due to their physical characteristics such as:

  • Rounded face;
  • Almond-shaped eyes, pulled up slightly;
  • White spots on the colored part of the eyes;
  • Small, slightly flattened nose;
  • Small mouth but larger tongue than normal;
  • Ears lower than normal;
  • Short neck;
  • Only one line in the palm of the hand;
  • Broad hands with short fingers;
  • Increase the space between the big toe and the other toes;
  • Weakness of muscles, making baby softer.

Furthermore, children with Down syndrome are usually born at an average height but grow slowly, so they are smaller than other children.

2. Cognitive characteristics

Children with Down syndrome may have delayed cognitive and intellectual development, especially in skills such as:

  • Floor;
  • Hold objects;
  • Be attentive;
  • Sitting;
  • Speak and learn.

The degree of these difficulties may vary from case to case, however, all children learn all these skills, although they may take longer than other children without the syndrome.

To improve learning time, children with Down syndrome can participate in speech therapy sessions with the speech therapist, so that they are encouraged to express themselves earlier, facilitating the process of learning to speak, for example.

Watch the following video and find out which activities help to stimulate the baby with Down Syndrome:

3. Behavioral characteristics

Children with Down syndrome generally have a docile behavior, are sociable and outgoing, in addition to having some characteristics such as:

  • Impulsiveness;
  • Learning Difficulty;
  • Difficulty paying attention;
  • Obsessive Behaviors.

As adults, people with Down syndrome can learn to make decisions on their own, but will likely need help with more complex issues, such as managing money or preventing pregnancy, for example.Also, some may go to university, while others may need more daily care.

Common He alth Problems

In addition to the common physical characteristics, people with Down syndrome are even more likely to have heart problems, such as heart failure, or thyroid diseases, such as hypothyroidism.

In almost half of the cases, there are still changes in the eyes that can include strabismus, difficulty seeing far or close up, and in some cases, cataracts.

As most of these problems are not easy to identify in the first few days, it is common for pediatricians to carry out several tests during childhood, such as ultrasound, echocardiogram or blood tests, to identify if there is any associated disease. See all recommended tests for children with Down syndrome.

Popular topic