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Although a heart attack can happen without symptoms, in most cases it can occur:
- Chest pain for a few minutes or hours;
- Pain or heaviness in the left arm;
- Pain radiating to the back, jaw or just the inner region of the arms;
- Tingling in arms or hands;
- Shortness of breath;
- Excessive sweating or cold sweat;
- Nausea and vomiting;
Know how to distinguish the symptoms of a heart attack in women, young and old.
What to do in case of a heart attack
If a person suspects they are having a heart attack, it is important that they remain calm and call an ambulance immediately rather than ignoring the symptoms and waiting for the symptoms to pass. It is essential to seek medical attention urgently, as early diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential for successful treatment.
When a heart attack is noticed in advance, the doctor may prescribe drugs that dissolve the clots that prevent the passage of blood to the heart, preventing the emergence of irreversible diseases.
In some cases, it may be necessary to perform a surgical procedure for cardiac muscle revascularization, which can be done through thoracic surgery or interventional radiology.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for heart attack can be performed with medications such as aspirin, thrombolytics or antiplatelet drugs, which help to dissolve the clot and thin the blood, pain relievers for chest pain, nitroglycerin, which improves return blood to the heart, by dilating blood vessels, beta-blockers and antihypertensives, which help to lower blood pressure and relax the heart and heartbeat, and statins, which lower blood cholesterol.
According to the need, it may be necessary to perform an angioplasty, which consists of placing a thin tube in the artery, known as a stent, which pushes the fatty plaque, making room for the blood to pass.
In cases where there are many compromised vessels or depending on the obstructed artery, cardiac revascularization surgery may be necessary, which consists of a more delicate operation, in which the doctor removes part of an artery from another region of the body and attaches it coronary artery to change blood flow. After the procedure, the person must stay in the hospital for a few days and at home, avoid exertion and eat properly.
Also, you will need to take heart medication for life. Learn more about treatment.