General Practice 2022

Strill laryngitis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

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Strill laryngitis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment
Strill laryngitis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Striculous laryngitis is a non-inflammatory swelling of the larynx and the region below the vocal cords, which leads to the appearance of symptoms such as a dry cough, known as "dog cough", or difficulty breathing, due to obstruction of the airways. breathing.

This type of laryngitis, also known as spasmodic croup, usually occurs as a result of flu or colds and, therefore, is more common in late autumn and winter, most often affecting children between 3 months of age and 3 years old.

The treatment of stridulous laryngitis is performed according to the pediatrician's recommendation, which may indicate voice rest and plenty of fluid intake.

Symptoms of stridulous laryngitis

Symptoms of stridulous laryngitis are:

  • Hoarseness;
  • Dry cough, known as “dog cough”, which gets worse at night;
  • Vomiting;
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing;
  • Wheezing when breathing.

Symptoms of stridulous laryngitis start suddenly, not causing fever or pain, and usually last between 3 and 7 days, when properly treated, according to the pediatrician's guidance.

How to confirm the diagnosis

The diagnosis of stridulous laryngitis is made by the pediatrician through the evaluation of symptoms and clinical examination.

Also, it can confirm the diagnosis of stridulous laryngitis, the doctor may do a visual examination of the vocal cords and nearby areas, perform an X-ray in the neck region or do a laryngoscopy. Learn how laryngoscopy is performed.

Possible causes

The cause of stridulous laryngitis is not fully known, but it is believed to occur due to an allergic reaction to virus proteins, as a consequence of colds and flu, leading to non-inflammatory swelling in the larynx and subglottic region, located below the vocal cords.

More rarely, stridulous laryngitis can happen due to respiratory allergies, gastroesophageal reflux or enlargement of adenoids, which is a set of lymphatic tissue that when it grows too much can cause breathing difficulties. Learn more about the adenoid.

How the treatment is done

The treatment of stridulous laryngitis should be guided by the pediatrician, and it is usually not done with the use of medication, but through cold nebulization, increased fluid intake to facilitate the elimination of mucus trapped in the airways breathing, voice rest as much as possible and elevation of the head of the bed with pillows.

Analgesics are only indicated when there are other complications, and antibiotics if there is a secondary bacterial infection. In the most serious cases, with threat of airway obstruction, great difficulty in breathing or pneumonia, the child can be kept under observation in the emergency room or even may need hospitalization.

Home treatment

A good home treatment for stridulous laryngitis is to add a few drops of ginger extract to a tub of hot water to help loosen secretions. After bathing, the child should be wrapped in a towel or light blanket and then laid on the bed with his head elevated with two or three pillows. See what are the he alth benefits of ginger.

Prevention of stridulous laryngitis

The prevention of stridulous laryngitis can be done by using a water vaporizer or humidifier near the child's bedside for several nights in a row.You should also avoid breathing irritating fumes, dust or vapors, rest more, take a shower with hot water in order to produce steam and breathe it in.

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