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First Aid 2023

First aid for head trauma

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First aid for head trauma
First aid for head trauma

Blows to the head usually do not need to be treated urgently, however, when the trauma is very severe, such as what happens in traffic accidents or falls from great heights, it is necessary to know what to do to reduce or avoid possible complications.

Thus, it is important to call an ambulance, see if the person is conscious, and start cardiac massage if the person does not respond to calls. In addition, after the accident, the person may have persistent vomiting and, in these cases, it is important to lie on their side, being careful not to make sudden movements with their neck, placing a support, such as a coat or pillow, under their head.

Head trauma first aid

If there is a suspicion of head trauma, you should:

  1. Call an ambulance by calling 911;
  2. Notice if the person is conscious:
    • If you are conscious, you should calm her down until medical help arrives;
    • If the individual is unconscious and not breathing, cardiac massage should be started, following this step-by-step guide.
  3. Keep the victim immobilized, avoiding moving the neck, as there may be damage to the spine;
  4. Stop bleeding,if any, by applying light pressure to the site with a cloth, gauze or clean compress;
  5. Watch the victim until the ambulance arrives, making sure he is breathing. Start the massage if you stop breathing.

It is important that first aid for head trauma is performed correctly, to avoid possible complications, such as coma or loss of movement of a limb, for example. Learn about the possible complications of head trauma.

How to identify a head injury

The first signs that help identify when it is necessary to use this type of first aid include:

  • Severe bleeding from the head or face;
  • Blood or fluid out of the ears or nose;
  • Loss of consciousness or excessive sleepiness;
  • Intense nausea and uncontrollable vomiting;
  • Confusion, difficulty speaking, or loss of balance.

Head trauma is more common in situations where there is a very strong blow to the head, however, in the case of the elderly or children, trauma can occur even in simpler falls.

If there are no symptoms after the accident, it is important to monitor the person for at least 12 hours, as there may be a small amount of bleeding that accumulates and only shows symptoms after some time.

Understand more about what happens in cases of head trauma.

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