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Bulas and Medicines 2023

Morphine: what é, what it is for and side effects

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Morphine: what é, what it is for and side effects
Morphine: what é, what it is for and side effects

Morphine is an analgesic drug of the opioid class, which has a potent effect in the treatment of very intense chronic or acute pain, such as post-surgical pain, pain caused by burns or serious diseases such as cancer and osteoarthritis advanced, for example.

This medication can be purchased in conventional pharmacies, under the trade name of Dimorf, requiring a special prescription, since its misuse can bring risks to the patient's he alth, in addition to being able to cause dependence.

The price of morphine is very variable, ranging from 30 to 90 reais, according to the dosage of the drug and the amount in each box.

What is it for

Morphine is indicated for the relief of intense pain, whether acute or chronic, as it acts on the central nervous system and other organs of the body with smooth muscles, to control this symptom.

How to take it

The way morphine is used varies according to the patient's type of pain and, therefore, the dosage should always be guided by the doctor who prescribed the medication.

Usually, its effect lasts about 4h, and it can last up to 12h if the tablet is of prolonged release, and if the substance takes a long time to be eliminated, mainly by the action of the kidneys.

Possible side effects

Some of the most common side effects that can occur during treatment with morphine include dizziness, vertigo, sedation, nausea, vomiting, and increased sweating.

The biggest risks with morphine are respiratory depression, circulatory depression, respiratory arrest, shock and cardiac arrest.

In addition, the use of a high dose of this medication can cause drowsiness and difficulty breathing, which must be treated in the emergency room with intensive medical care and the specific antidote, called Naloxone. Check out the main dangers of using medicines without medical indication.

Who should not use

Morphine is contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to the components of the formula, who have respiratory insufficiency or depression, central nervous system depression, bronchial asthma crisis, secondary heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, chronic lung disease, brain tumors, chronic alcoholism, tremors, gastrointestinal obstruction and ileus, or disorders that cause seizures.

Morphine is also contraindicated in children under 18 and should not be used by pregnant women without medical advice.

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