The burning sensation in the feet is a painful sensation that usually occurs as a result of damage to the nerves in the legs or feet, usually caused by conditions such as diabetic neuropathy, nutritional deficiencies or infections, for example.
However, changes in blood circulation, use of inappropriate footwear, hormonal changes, or injuries to the ligaments or muscles of the feet, such as plantar fasciitis, for example, can also cause a burning sensation in the feet.
When the burning sensation in the feet occurs frequently, it is essential to consult a general practitioner or family doctor for an evaluation and the most appropriate treatment to be initiated, which may vary according to the cause of the burning in the feet. feet, and the use of more comfortable shoes, physical activity or changes in diet may be indicated.
The most common causes of burning feet are:
1. Diabetic neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is characterized by the destruction of nerves that leads to decreased sensitivity in various parts of the body, especially in the feet and hands, leading to symptoms such as tingling, pain and burning. This type of complication is more common when diabetes is not properly treated and blood sugar levels are high too often.
What to do: in this case, it is important to seek guidance from an endocrinologist or neurologist so that the best treatment can be indicated, which may involve controlling sugar in the diet, use of insulin, physical therapy and acupuncture to relieve sensitivity and burning in the feet. See more details on treating diabetic neuropathy.
2. Plantar fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the fascia, a fibrous tissue located on the sole of the foot that causes symptoms such as pain in the sole of the foot, a burning sensation and discomfort when walking and running. This situation is more common in people who are overweight, who engage in high-impact activities such as long-distance running, who wear high-heeled shoes for a long time, who have arthritis or a fractured bone in their foot.
What to do: It is essential to seek recommendations from an orthopedist or rheumatologist, who may suggest the use of orthopedic insoles and physical therapy sessions to improve the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Avoiding standing for many hours, decreasing impacts during physical exercises, such as running, also relieve the symptoms of plantar fasciitis. Understand better about the treatment of plantar fasciitis.
3. Poor circulation
Poor circulation, also known as venous or arterial insufficiency, happens when blood cannot circulate properly in the lower limbs, causing pain, swelling, tingling and burning in the legs and feet.Symptoms are usually worse during the day, when standing for many hours, and are better when keeping the legs elevated.
What to do: for the treatment of poor circulation, it is essential to have a previous consultation with an angiologist who may indicate the use of compression stockings and prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs for help to improve the symptoms of poor circulation. In addition, avoiding wearing high-heeled shoes and avoiding standing for long periods also helps to improve swelling, pain and burning in the legs and feet. See what are the natural treatments for poor circulation.
4. Foot changes
During the day, the feet can be overloaded by situations such as intense physical exercise, the use of inappropriate footwear or changes in bones and muscles, such as flat feet, bunions, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, corns, example, which can cause pain and burning, especially at the end of the day.
What to do: A consultation with an orthopedist is necessary to evaluate the symptoms and indicate the best treatment, ranging from physiotherapy sessions, use of oral medications or of local use, the correction of the type of footwear and use of insoles, aiming to reduce overload, pain and burning in the muscles and bones of the feet. Check out the guidelines and homemade techniques to treat pain in the soles of the feet.
Herpes virus, herpes zoster or HIV infections for example, can also lead to inflammation of the body's peripheral nerves, causing pain, tingling and burning in the feet.
What to do: In this case, it is important to follow the recommendation of the medical clinician, who may indicate the use of medications according to the type of infection, and the use may be indicated of antivirals, to fight the infectious agent, and analgesics and anti-inflammatories to relieve symptoms.
6. Rare Syndromes
Some rare syndromes such as erythromelalgia, which occurs due to a change in blood vessel function, and Guillain-Barré syndrome, in which there is destruction of nervous system cells, can also cause symptoms such as numbness, redness and burning in hands, legs and feet.
What to do: for treatment, it is essential to consult the hematologist or neurologist, who may indicate the treatment according to the syndrome, and the use of antidepressants may be indicated, anti-inflammatories or physical therapy sessions.
7. Vitamin B Complex Deficiencies
Deficiency of B-complex vitamins such as vitamin B1, B6 and B12 can cause peripheral neuropathy, which is the destruction of nerves, which leads to decreased sensitivity and a feeling of tingling, numbness and burning in hands and feet.
What to do: B-complex vitamin deficiencies are usually treated with the guidance of a doctor or nutritionist, who prescribe vitamin supplementation for at least 6 months.In addition, it is necessary to make dietary adjustments, with the help of a nutritionist, to increase the consumption of foods that are sources of B vitamins. Better understand the types of vitamin deficiency and how to treat them.