Feet pain can be easily caused by the use of inappropriate shoes, corns, ingrown toenails or bunions, but it can also be a sign of diseases or deformities that affect the joints and bones, such as arthritis, gout or neuroma of Morton, for example, that must be evaluated by the doctor to verify the need for specific treatment.
Normally, foot pain can be relieved with rest, a foot soak or a local massage with moisturizing cream, however, when it takes more than 5 days to relieve it is recommended to consult an orthopedist or a physical therapist to identify the problem. what is causing this symptom and recommend treatment, which may include medication, corticosteroid injections, physical therapy sessions, and ultimately, surgery.
Although various problems can affect the feet, the main causes of toe pain include:
1. Tight shoe
The use of inappropriate footwear is the most common cause of pain in the toes and other areas of the foot, as shoes that are too tight, have a thin toe or are too rigid can cause foot deformities and even joint inflammation, when used for a long time.
It is important to pay attention to children, as their feet are constantly growing, and it is important to change the shoe size as soon as the child reports foot pain. See how to choose your child's shoes.
What to do: You should wear comfortable shoes that don't put too much pressure on your feet. In addition, it is recommended that the shoe has a small heel of about 2 to 3 cm to allow a good support of the foot.
The bunion causes pain especially on the side of the foot, but in some cases, it can also cause pain in the little toes. In this case it is easy to see that the bones of the feet are not properly aligned, which causes inflammation and pain.
What to do: Placing a cold compress on the site of pain helps to relieve this symptom, but you need to do exercises to correct your feet. Check out some exercises to treat bunions.
The calluses, also known as corns, are caused by the accumulation of dead cells in the most superficial layer of the skin that happens due to constant pressure on the feet, especially on the side of the big toe.
What to do: An orthopedic insole can be used to protect the callus during the day and prevent pain when walking, for example. However, it is also recommended to remove the callus using ointments or pumice after bathing.
4. Ingrown toenail
Ingrown toenail is very common in cases where the nails are not cut correctly, allowing them to become ingrown with the skin. In this case, ingrown toenails cause sores and swelling.
What to do: you should go to the he alth center or a podiatrist to unclog the nail, however, at home, you can put your foot inside a basin of warm water for 20 minutes to relieve pain. Find out more about ingrown toenail care.
5. Osteoarthritis or arthritis
Rheumatism problems, such as osteoarthritis or arthritis, can arise in the joints of the toes, especially in athletes or the elderly, causing pain when walking and swelling in the joint region.
What to do: you should consult an orthopedist to start the proper treatment of the problem with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Ibuprofen or Diclofenac. In addition, at home you can do a foot bath at the end of the day to relieve the pain.
6. Claw or hammer fingers
Claw or hammer toes are two deformities of the foot that cause the toes to be misaligned, increasing pressure on these places during the day and causing pain.
What to do: an orthopedist should be consulted for correct finger repositioning using orthopedic splints. In addition, using orthopedic insoles can also help relieve pressure on your toes and reduce pain.
7. Morton's Neuroma
Morton's neuroma is a small mass that arises in the plantar digital nerve between the 3rd and 4th toes, causing pain between those 2 toes and a tingling sensation in the instep.
What to do: comfortable shoes with orthopedic insole should be used to relieve pressure on the site, as well as taking the anti-inflammatory medication prescribed by the orthopedist. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary.See how surgery is performed for Morton's neuroma.
Gout, also called gouty arthritis, is an inflammatory disease caused by excess uric acid in the blood, which causes joint pain, especially in the toes. In addition to pain, it is common to have pain when walking or trying to move the finger, swelling and stiffening of the joint.
What to do: the treatment of gout should be guided by a rheumatologist, who may indicate the use of medications to decrease uric acid levels in the joints, such as Colchicine, Allopurinol or Probenecid, which help relieve pain in the toes and prevent further flare-ups.
Paronychia is an infection that affects the skin around the nail, which can affect both the hands and feet, and is usually the result of an injury, as can happen during a pedicure, for example. This sore can cause stiffness, swelling, and pain in the fingers, as well as pus appearing under or around the affected nail.
What to do: paronychia treatment should be performed according to the dermatologist's orientation, who may indicate the use of antibiotics, corticosteroids or antifungals, depending on the characteristics and of the cause of inflammation of the toes.
10. Raynaud's Phenomenon
Raynaud's disease or phenomenon is characterized by an alteration in the blood circulation of the hands and feet, which can also affect the fingers, nose and earlobes. This change has been associated with exposure to cold with sudden emotional changes or changes in emotional states, causing symptoms such as tingling sensations, swelling and pain in the fingers and toes.
What to do: The treatment of Raynaud's disease should be guided by a rheumatologist, who may indicate the use of some medications, such as Nifedipine, Diltiazem, Prazosin or Nitroglycerin ointment, for example. However, it is also indicated that the affected region is heated so that circulation is activated and reestablished.