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General Practice 2023

10 symptoms of epilepsy and what to do

Table of contents:

10 symptoms of epilepsy and what to do
10 symptoms of epilepsy and what to do
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The main symptoms of generalized epilepsy are:

  1. Convulsions, which are violent, involuntary contractions of muscles;
  2. Muscle stiffness, especially in the arms, legs and chest;
  3. Excessive salivation;
  4. Urinary incontinence;
  5. Confusion;
  6. Imperceptible speech;
  7. Biting your tongue and grinding your teeth;
  8. Difficulty breathing;
  9. Aggressiveness;
  10. Loss of consciousness, so the person may not remember the episode.

After an episode of epilepsy, it is normal to experience drowsiness, headache, nausea and vomiting.Epilepsy symptoms often occur without warning and can occur during the day or during sleep and can affect people of all ages, from babies to the elderly. When the epileptic seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, seek medical help by calling 911 or take the victim immediately to the hospital. Here's what to do in an epileptic seizure.

Epilepsy occurs due to changes in the conduction of nerve impulses in the brain, causing excessive electrical activity. In some cases, epilepsy can only affect a small part of the neurons, resulting in partial epilepsy, or cause an absence seizure, which is when the person is still and completely absent, not talking or reacting to touch for a few seconds. Learn more about epilepsy.

Symptoms of partial epilepsy

In some situations, epilepsy can affect only a small part of the neurons in the brain, causing milder symptoms that correspond to the part of the brain affected.For example, if intense brain activity occurs in the part of the brain that controls left leg movements, the left leg may experience contractions and stiffness. Therefore, in this case of epilepsy, symptoms are limited to the affected area.

Absence Crisis Symptoms

Absence crisis is characterized by less intense symptoms, the main ones being:

  • Stand still and very still;
  • Stay with a blank stare;
  • Wildly move the muscles of the face;
  • Making movements as if chewing;
  • Move the arm or leg constantly, but in a light way;
  • Tingling in arms or legs;
  • Minor stiffness of the muscles.

Furthermore, in this type of seizure, there is usually no loss of consciousness, just a strange feeling of deja vu, and in most cases it only lasts between 10 and 30 seconds.

Absence seizures are more common in children, and in most cases they are benign and affect children between 3 and 13 years old. See how to identify absence crisis.

What to do

In case of an epileptic seizure, it is recommended to put the person who is having an epileptic seizure on his side, with a support under his head, loosen tight clothes and not hold arms and legs. In addition, it is recommended not to put your hand in the person's mouth or give liquids or food during the crisis, it is recommended to count the time of the crisis and call medical help.

It is important that the neurologist is consulted so that the diagnosis can be made and the most appropriate treatment started, which usually involves the use of antiepileptic medication, such as Oxcarbazepine, Carbamazepine or Sodium Valproate, for example. When epileptic seizures are not controlled with the use of medication, it may be necessary to combine several medications.Check out more details about epilepsy treatment.

During treatment, individuals with epileptic seizures should avoid situations that cause seizures, such as not sleeping for a long time, drinking too much alcohol, or being in environments with a lot of visual stimuli, such as discotheques.

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