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General Practice 2023

Endocrinologist: what he does, what diseases he treats and when to go

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Endocrinologist: what he does, what diseases he treats and when to go
Endocrinologist: what he does, what diseases he treats and when to go
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The endocrinologist is the doctor responsible for evaluating the entire endocrine system, which is the body system related to the production of hormones that are important for various functions in the body, such as TSH, T3, T4, testosterone, estrogen, cortisol, GH, insulin, among others.

It may be interesting to consult the endocrinologist when there are signs that make you suspect some change in hormone production, such as difficulty losing weight, easy weight gain, excess hair in women and breast growth in boys, for example.

From the dosage of hormones, the endocrinologist is able to identify the cause of the symptoms and, thus, indicate the best treatment to promote the person's quality of life.

Diseases treated by the endocrinologist

The endocrinologist can help in the treatment of several diseases:

  • Thyroid disorders, such as hypo and hyperthyroidism, goiter and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, for example, in which cases the dosage of TSH, T3 and T4 hormones, which are hormones whose production may be increased or decreased according to the alteration of the thyroid gland;
  • Diabetes, in which fasting blood glucose levels and other tests are performed so that the diagnosis can be confirmed, the type of diabetes identified and the most appropriate treatment indicated;
  • Hirsutism, which is a hormonal change that can happen in women due to an increase in the blood concentration of testosterone or a decrease in estrogen production and that can result in the appearance of hair in places where there is normally none, such as the chest, face and belly, for example;
  • Obesity, this is because it is common for obesity to have alterations in thyroid hormones, in addition to being common for the person to have diabetes;
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), which is characterized by the change in the levels of circulating female hormones in the blood that can favor the formation of cysts in the ovaries, which can result in change in menstrual cycle and difficulty getting pregnant;
  • Cushing's Syndrome, which is a hormonal disorder characterized by an increase in the amount of circulating cortisol in the blood, resulting in rapid weight gain and accumulation of fat in the abdominal region. Learn more about Cushing's syndrome;
  • Changes in growth, such as dwarfism or gigantism, since these situations are related to the levels of the GH hormone in the body.

The endocrinologist can also help relieve the symptoms of menopause.That's because when evaluating the levels of the hormones estrogen, progesterone and testosterone in the woman's blood, it can indicate the most appropriate hormone replacement therapy to relieve symptoms. Here's how to relieve menopausal symptoms.

When to make an appointment

It is recommended to consult the endocrinologist when signs or symptoms are noticed that may be indicative of changes in hormone production, such as:

  • Difficulty losing weight;
  • Very fast weight gain;
  • Excessive fatigue;
  • Menstrual cycle changes;
  • Delayed puberty or precocious puberty;
  • thyroid enlargement;
  • Excessive hair in women;
  • Breast growth in boys;
  • Signs and symptoms of andropause and menopause;
  • Presence of symptoms related to diabetes such as excessive thirst and increased urge to urinate, for example.

In the presence of this type of symptoms, the endocrinologist will make an evaluation of the general state of he alth and may indicate the performance of blood tests in order to check the levels of different hormones in the blood.

Endocrinologist for weight loss

It is interesting to look for an endocrinologist when a person has great difficulty losing weight, despite following a he althy and balanced diet and practicing physical activity regularly.

In this case, the doctor may indicate the performance of tests to evaluate hormone levels and, thus, indicate the best treatment, which varies according to the cause of the change, in addition to evaluating some important data such as weight, height, waist and hip circumference and age.

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