Table of contents:
Medicines for the liver depend on the type of condition that affects this organ, and the doctor may indicate the use of statins or antidiabetics, in the case of fatty liver, or immunoglobulins, antivirals or antibiotics, in the case of diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver failure, for example.
The liver is an organ responsible for filtering blood, eliminating toxins, producing proteins, clotting factors, triglycerides, cholesterol and bile. When it suffers some damage, the liver can have its function altered and lead to the emergence of symptoms, such as abdominal pain, especially in the upper right region, swelling of the belly, itchy skin or yellow skin and eyes, for example. See other symptoms of liver trouble.
Therefore, it is important to consult the hepatologist or general practitioner whenever symptoms of liver problems appear, so that it is diagnosed and the most appropriate treatment is initiated according to its cause.
Remedies for fatty liver
Remedies for fatty liver must be indicated by the hepatologist or general practitioner to control diseases that impair its functioning, such as diabetes, high cholesterol or hypothyroidism, for example, as there are no specific drugs for this disease.
The main remedies for fatty liver that can be indicated by the doctor are:
- Statins, such as atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, or simvastatin, to lower blood cholesterol;
- Antidiabetics, such as metformin, pioglitazone, liraglutide, exeglatide, sitagliptin or vildagliptin, for example, for the treatment of diabetes, which helps to decrease or prevent fat accumulation in the liver;
- Thyroid medicine, such as levothyroxine, for the treatment of hypothyroidism;
- Vitamin E, to help reduce or neutralize the damage caused by inflammation in the liver, due to its potent antioxidant action.
Medicines for fatty liver are not always necessary and, therefore, you should consult a hepatologist to assess the need to take them, as it can usually be treated with a diet low in fat and sugar, and practice daily physical exercise. Here's what to eat for fatty liver.
Hepatitis remedies that may be prescribed by the doctor vary according to their cause, which can be hepatitis A, B, C, D, E or G virus infection, autoimmune diseases or abusive drinking alcoholic. See other causes of hepatitis.
So, some remedies for hepatitis are:
- Antiemetics, such as metoclopramide, to relieve symptoms of nausea and vomiting;
- Immunoglobulins, given as an injection into the muscle, to prevent hepatitis A, or applied up to 14 days after contact with the virus;
- Antivirals, such as lamivudine, tenofovir or entecavir to reduce the multiplication of the chronic hepatitis B virus, or ribavirin in the case of chronic hepatitis C or chronic hepatitis E;
- Pegylated Interferon, given as an injection under the skin, in cases of chronic hepatitis B or chronic hepatitis C;
- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, for autoimmune hepatitis. In some cases, the doctor may recommend the use of corticosteroids together with an immunosuppressive drug, such as azathioprine, for example;
- Food supplements, such as folic acid or B vitamins, in cases of mild alcoholic hepatitis.
In addition, in people with severe alcoholic hepatitis and at risk of bleeding, the doctor may recommend the use of vitamin K, used only in a hospital environment and applied by the nurse, under medical supervision.
Remedy for liver cirrhosis
Remedies for liver cirrhosis depend on its cause, which can arise from excessive and constant use of alcoholic beverages or hepatitis B or C virus infection, causing liver cells to be replaced by a fibrous tissue or scar, affecting the normal function of that organ. See other causes of liver cirrhosis.
Thus, the doctor may indicate the use of medicines such as:
- Antivirals, such as lamivudine, tenofovir, entecavir or ribavirin, for the treatment of hepatitis B or C;
- Non-selective beta-blockers, such as propranolol, nadolol or timolol, for the treatment of portal hypertension and risk of bleeding in cases of severe cirrhosis;
- Diuretics, such as spironolactone and/or furosemide, in case of development of ascites, which is the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Check out other treatments indicated for ascites;
- Antibiotics, when ascites fluid infection occurs;
- Rifaximin, for the treatment or reduction of episodes of hepatic encephalopathy.
In addition, the doctor may recommend the use of albumin infusion, applied directly into the vein, in the hospital, in cases of decompensated liver cirrhosis.
Remedies for liver failure
Hepatic failure can have several causes, such as the hepatitis virus or the incorrect use of some drugs, such as paracetamol, for example, and treatment must be done according to the symptoms and causing various complications such as low blood pressure, bleeding, kidney failure or hepatic encephalopathy.
This way, some remedies that can be indicated by the doctor are:
- N-acetylcysteine, for the treatment of acute liver failure caused by excessive use of paracetamol;
- Antibiotics, for treating infections;
- Supplements, containing sodium, potassium, phosphate or magnesium, in case of deficiency of these minerals.
In addition, in cases of low blood pressure, the doctor may recommend the application of serum directly into the vein, made in a hospital environment, glucose in the vein to treat hypoglycemia, or even plasma transfusion, in the case of bleeding. See other treatments that your doctor may recommend for liver failure.