General Practice 2022

Diet for hepatitis: what to eat and what to avoid (with cardápio)

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Diet for hepatitis: what to eat and what to avoid (with cardápio)
Diet for hepatitis: what to eat and what to avoid (with cardápio)
Anonim

In the hepatitis diet, it is important to have 5 to 7 meals divided throughout the day, prioritizing the intake of he althy foods, such as lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes, which are a source of energy, protein, antioxidants and other essential nutrients to promote liver recovery.

In addition, during the hepatitis diet it is also recommended to reduce the consumption of fat, such as fried foods, packaged snacks, cookies and ice cream, because during hepatitis the production of bile s alts, substances responsible for helping to digest the fats are reduced, which can cause abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by a virus, overuse of medication, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, or an autoimmune disorder, which can lead to symptoms such as headache, malaise, pain and swelling abdomen, yellow skin and eyes, nausea, lack of appetite and weight loss.Know other symptoms of hepatitis.

Foods that should be prioritized

During hepatitis it is important to prioritize the consumption of foods with good amounts of energy, protein, antioxidants, essential vitamins and minerals to promote liver recovery and prevent weight loss. Therefore, the foods that should be prioritized are:

  • Fruits,such as apple, pear, pineapple, grape, papaya, orange, mango, banana and abiu;
  • Vegetables and greens,such as lettuce, tomato, broccoli, chayote, pumpkin and eggplant;
  • Lean proteins,such as tofu, white fish, chicken, turkey and egg;
  • Whole grains,such as brown rice, corn, oatmeal, whole-wheat pasta, and quinoa;
  • Legumes, such as beans, chickpeas, lentils and soybeans;
  • He althy fats,such as olive oil, avocado oil, walnuts, Brazil nuts, and flaxseed oil;
  • Large dairy products, such as low-fat milk, unsweetened low-fat yogurt, and white cheeses;
  • Tubercles,such as potatoes, cassava, yams, yams and baroa potatoes;
  • Spices and natural herbs such as turmeric, sage, oregano, cilantro, parsley, mint, cloves, thyme, and cinnamon.

Furthermore, it is also important to eat 5 to 7 meals in portions throughout the day, thus avoiding weight loss due to the lack of appetite that can occur in some people.

Food should be easily digestible and prepared simply, with little fat, such as boiled, stewed, roasted and grilled preparations.

Foods to avoid

Foods that should be avoided during hepatitis are those rich in fat, because during the disease the production of bile s alts, substances responsible for helping to digest fats, are reduced.Therefore, consumption of high-fat foods can cause diarrhea and malaise. So, the foods that should be avoided during hepatitis are:

  • Fat meats,such as red meat, bacon, fatty fish such as salmon, sardines and tuna;
  • High-fat dairy products such as butter, margarine, whole milk, full-fat yogurt, yellow cheeses, and heavy cream;
  • Delicious foods, such as sausage, sausage, salami, ham and bologna;
  • Industrialized foods,such as nuggets, hamburgers, pizza and fast food meals;
  • Foods high in sugar,such as cake, pies, cookies, chocolates, jellies, juices and soft drinks;
  • Industrialized seasonings and sauces,such as ready-made salad dressing, ketchup, mayonnaise and ready-to-season broths in cubes;
  • Alcoholic beverages,such as beer, wine and sparkling wine.

In addition, it is also important to avoid preparations with a lot of fat, such as mousses, fried foods and white sauce, for example.

Avoiding eating foods that produce gas, such as cauliflower, broccoli, and cabbage, can help decrease abdominal pain in some people. See other foods that can cause gas.

Sample menu for hepatitis

The following table shows an example of a 3-day hepatitis diet menu:

Meal

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Breakfast

½ papaya with 1 tablespoon of rolled oats + 1 wholemeal toast with 1 scrambled egg 1 cup of unsweetened coffee + 1 tapioca with 4 tbsp of tapioca starch, 1 tbsp of seeds (chia, sesame, linseed, sunflower), stuffed with 2 slices of ricotta cheese + 1 kiwi 1 cup of lemon balm tea + 1 wholegrain French bread with 2 slices of Minas cheese + 1 persimmon

Morning snack

1 boiled apple with 1 pinch of cinnamon + 1 Brazil nut 120 g unsweetened low-fat yogurt with 4 chopped strawberries and 1 tablespoon of honey 1 glass of smoothie made with 150 ml of vegetable drink (oatmeal, soy or rice), ½ pear and 1 tablespoon of chia seeds

Lunch / Dinner

3 tbsp of brown rice soup with saffron + 3 tbsp of diced chicken soup stewed with 3 tbsp of peas, cauliflower and carrot soup soaked with 1 tbsp of olive oil + 1 small orange dessert 1 grilled white fish fillet + 3 tablespoons of boiled sweet potato soup + 1 dessert plate of salad with okra, zucchini, onion and tomato, seasoned with 1 tablespoon of olive oil + 1 small slice of melon dessert 200 g of grilled tofu + 1 cup of wholegrain noodles with homemade tomato sauce + 3 tbsp of chickpea salad, with cucumber, tomato and onion seasoned with 1 tbsp of olive oil and vinegar + 1 small slice of watermelon

Afternoon snack

2 tbsp guacamole made with chopped avocado, tomato, onion and lemon juice + 2 cornbreads 1 porridge made with 1 cup of skimmed milk, 2 tbsp of oatmeal in fine flakes and 1 pinch of cinnamon 120g plain low-fat yogurt with chopped fruit + 1 tablespoon rolled oats

Supper

1 cup of chamomile tea + 6 grapes 1 medium banana + 1 tbsp rolled oats 1 glass of plant-based milk (rice, almonds or chestnuts)

This menu is just a template, which may vary depending on the person's he alth status, current weight, age and nutritional needs. Therefore, it is advisable to go through a consultation with a nutritionist for a complete evaluation and elaboration of an individualized diet.

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