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Hepatitis A is curable because the virus that causes this disease can be eliminated by the body without the need for medication. This virus, which is contagious and transmitted by water and/or food contaminated with feces, causes inflammation in the liver that lasts for a few days or weeks and is eliminated from the body through the action of the immune system.
Inflammation of the liver caused by the A virus is usually not serious and, in most cases, does not even cause symptoms. When symptomatic, body aches, nausea, vomiting, yellow skin and eyes are observed. These symptoms can appear a few weeks after contact with virus A and heal in about 10 days, but can last up to 3 or 4 weeks.
In rare cases, hepatitis A can be more serious, compromising the liver in a few days. In this case, it will be classified as fulminant liver failure (FHF) and its treatment may be liver transplantation. Learn more about fulminant liver failure.
What to do to heal faster
The guidelines and treatment of hepatitis A virus must be recommended by the doctor, who will evaluate the case and the severity of each person. However, some tips can be followed at home to improve recovery such as:
- Don't stop eating: despite being sick and feeling sick, you should maintain a good diet so that there is energy and nutrients necessary for the elimination of the virus.
- Have a he althy diet: a diet based on plenty of water, in addition to fruits and vegetables to facilitate the elimination of toxins by the body.
- Rest well: Rest may be necessary to prevent the body from wasting unnecessary energy on other activities, allowing the elimination of the A virus.
- Avoid mixing drugs: Many drugs pass through the liver to take effect, so it's important not to overload it with liver-metabolizing drugs such as Paracetamol.
- Do not consume alcoholic beverages: alcohol increases liver work and may contribute to worsening liver inflammation caused by the A virus.
As it has a shorter and limited duration, hepatitis A does not become chronic, as in hepatitis B and C, and after its cure, the person acquires immunity. The vaccine is an effective way to prevent the disease, being recommended for children between 1 and 2 years old and adults who have never had the disease.
See other more specific care and medication for the treatment of hepatitis A.