Table of contents:
- Main symptoms
- How to confirm the diagnosis
- What causes rosacea
- How the treatment is done
- Natural care options
Rosacea is a skin disease that usually causes redness on the face, especially on the cheeks, but it can also affect the eyes, in which cases it is called ocular rosacea.
The exact cause of rosacea is not yet known, however the symptoms tend to appear by "crises", which can be triggered by environmental changes, such as excessive heat, or be related to the emotional system, such as anxiety and nervousness,. Rosacea is more common in fair-skinned women between the ages of 30 and 60 who turn pink when they feel embarrassed or exercise.
In rosacea there is an alteration in the small blood vessels of the face, and therefore this alteration does not have a definitive cure, but the redness of the face and eyes can be reduced with some simple care and treatments.A good tip to reduce the redness of the face is to wash your face with cold water for a few minutes.
The signs and symptoms of rosacea can appear on the forehead, nose, cheeks and, in some cases, the ears:
- Redness and feeling of heat on the skin;
- Dier skin than usual;
- Face burning sensation during skincare routine;
- Presence of small pots on the face;
- Easy to present acne and oily skin;
- Feeling of thicker skin in some places, especially on the nose;
- Small raised skin lesions that may contain pus.
It is also common for the skin to be very sensitive even to some soaps, so you should go to the dermatologist for a diagnosis and to recommend the best type of soap, in addition to medication, if signs of inflammation or infection are noticed.
Furthermore, when rosacea affects the eyes, in the case of ocular rosacea, it can also cause eye redness, dry eye sensation, blurry vision and sensitivity to light, for example. Understand better what ocular rosacea is and how to treat it.
How to confirm the diagnosis
The diagnosis of rosacea is made by the dermatologist from the observation of the patient's signs and symptoms. However, additional tests may be ordered to rule out other possible diseases, such as leukemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, ringworm and acne rosacea.
What causes rosacea
The exact cause for the appearance of rosacea is not known, however, the flare-ups of symptoms seem to be triggered by factors such as:
- Prolonged exposure to the sun;
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- Consumption of very hot drinks or spicy foods;
- Stress and nervous situations;
- Practice of physical exercise.
People with rosacea also have more intense symptoms when there is some type of skin infection.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for rosacea is done according to the severity of the symptoms presented by the person, being recommended in all cases to avoid triggering factors such as prolonged sun exposure, consumption of very hot foods, excessive cold or ingestion of alcoholic beverages.
The dermatologist usually recommends the use of sunscreen with a high protection factor against the sun's UVA and UVB rays, the use of neutral soaps or soaps suitable for the person's skin type and the use of topical antibiotics. If rhinophyma develops, which is a complication of rosacea, surgery for removal may be indicated.
Laser and intense pulsed light treatment can also be indicated, as they are able to reduce and eliminate telangiectasias, which are the small vessels that can appear on the face of people with rosacea.Despite being effective, this type of treatment is not suitable for people with diabetes and for those who tend to develop keloids on the skin due to the side effects related to the procedure, such as peeling skin, redness and swelling. Find out what precautions are taken during treatment with pulsed light.
Treatment for eye rosacea
Treatment for ocular rosacea can be done with the use of oral antibiotics and adequate hygiene measures at the site. Eye lubricants can be used to alleviate the symptom of dry eyes, but they should not be used exclusively. The diagnosis of ocular rosacea requires a careful evaluation with the ophthalmologist, as vision may be compromised by inflammatory disorders that already exist in the eyes, such as blepharitis, iritis or keratitis. See more about treating ocular rosacea.
Natural care options
In the natural treatment for rosacea, Aloe vera gel and rose water have been used to relieve and prevent the symptoms of rosacea on the skin, just as cucumber can be used to lessen the sensitivity of the eyes for treatment of ocular rosacea.These natural treatments are recommended to prevent the symptoms of rosacea, with the benefit of not causing side effects like other treatments.