General Practice 2022

Measles treatment: remédios and other important care

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Measles treatment: remédios and other important care
Measles treatment: remédios and other important care

Measles treatment consists of relieving symptoms through rest, hydration and medication such as Paracetamol, for about 10 days, which is the duration of the disease.

This disease is more common in children and its treatment is done in order to control unpleasant symptoms such as fever, general malaise, lack of appetite, itching and red spots on the skin that can evolve into small wounds.

Measles is a highly contagious disease, through droplets of saliva that are mirrored through the air, and the period of greatest risk of transmissibility is after the appearance of the spots on the skin.

How long does measles last

The duration of measles is approximately 8 to 14 days, but in most individuals it lasts 10 days. Four days before the first symptoms of the disease appear until its complete remission, the individual can contaminate others and therefore it is very important that everyone takes the triple-viral vaccine that protects against measles, mumps and rubella.

How to relieve measles symptoms

As there is no specific treatment to eliminate the Measles virus, the treatment then serves to relieve symptoms and should include:

1. Rest and drink water

Getting enough rest so that the body can recover and fight the virus and drinking lots of water, tea or coconut water is very important for a good recovery, also helping to prevent dehydration. See how to make flavored water by adding slices of lemon, orange or herbs.

2. Taking medication

The doctor may indicate the use of medication to relieve fever and pain such as Paracetamol and/or Ibuprofen as long as they do not contain acetylsalicylic acid in their composition and therefore medications such as AAS, Aspirin, Doril or Melhoral are contraindicated, for example.

Vitamin A supplementation can be useful for children with measles by reducing the risk of death, being indicated in case of deficiency of this vitamin that can be seen in a blood test or when the mortality rate due to measles is tall. The dose should be taken and repeated after 24 hours and after 4 weeks.

Antibiotics are not indicated for the treatment of measles, because they are not able to improve the symptoms caused by the virus, but they can be indicated if the doctor observes that there is a bacterial infection associated with the viral condition caused by the Measles virus.

3. Using cold compresses

Measles can cause conjunctivitis and the eyes can become red and very sensitive to light and produce a lot of discharge. To improve these signs and symptoms, you can clean the eyes with a cold compress soaked in saline, whenever there is secretion and the use of dark glasses can be useful even indoors.

Cold compresses can also be useful to reduce fever and for this you should put a wet gauze with cold water on the forehead, back of the neck or armpits to naturally lower the body temperature.

4. Humidify the air

To fluidize the secretions and facilitate their removal, the air can be humidified, placing a basin with water in the room where the patient is. This care also helps to keep the larynx less irritated, relieving throat discomfort. In case of persistent cough, the doctor may prescribe medicines such as Desloratadine, for example. See the 5 ways to humidify the air at home.

Possible complications

Measles is a self-limiting disease that usually does not cause complications, however, in rare cases measles can cause:

  • Bacterial infections such as pneumonia or otitis media;
  • Ecchymosis or spontaneous bleeding, as the amount of platelets can decrease greatly;
  • Encephalitis, a type of brain infection;
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, a serious complication of measles that produces brain damage.

These measles complications are more common in individuals who are malnourished or who have some compromised immune system.

How to avoid getting Measles

The best way to avoid Measles is to be vaccinated with the Measles vaccine, which is especially indicated at 12 months, with a booster dose at 5 years, but which can be taken by all people who have not yet have been vaccinated.

Whoever received the vaccine is protected for life and does not need to worry if there is a case of measles in a nearby area. However, those who have not yet been vaccinated can be contaminated and therefore you should keep your distance from infected people and take the vaccine immediately at a he alth post.

Warning signs to go to the doctor

You should go to the doctor if you have symptoms such as:

  • Fever above 40ÂșC because there is a risk of seizures;
  • If the person vomits because of coughing;
  • Signs of dehydration such as sunken eyes, very dry skin, crying without tears and little pee;
  • If you cannot drink fluids;
  • If other symptoms appear.

These signs may indicate that the condition has worsened, requiring a new medical evaluation because other medicines may be used or hospitalized to receive fluids through the vein.

Rarely, people with measles have complications, but these can arise if they have a very weak immune system or if the virus reaches the brain, for example, which is not common.

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