General Practice 2022

Remédios for the 7 most common types of pain

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Remédios for the 7 most common types of pain
Remédios for the 7 most common types of pain

Medicines indicated to relieve pain are analgesics and anti-inflammatories, which should only be used if recommended by a doctor or a he alth professional. Depending on the situation to be treated, in justified cases, the doctor may also decide to associate other remedies, such as muscle relaxants, antispasmodics, antidepressants or anticonvulsants, for greater effectiveness of the treatment.

Although over-the-counter medicines can be used with the guidance of the pharmacist, it is always important to talk to the doctor about painful symptoms, especially if they last for a long time and are very intense, as they can be a sign of a condition more serious he alth problems, which may be masked by the use of this type of medication.Regarding drugs indicated for chronic pain, postoperative pain or other more severe cases of pain, they must be prescribed solely and exclusively by the doctor.

In cases of mild to moderate pain, some of the remedies that may be recommended are:

1. Sore throat remedies

The pain and inflammation of the throat can be relieved with the following remedies:

  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina);
  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril), diclofenac (Voltaren) or nimesulide (Neosulide, Nimesilam);
  • Analgesics and local anesthetics, usually in the form of lozenges, such as benzydamine (Ciflogex) or benzocaine (Neopiridin).

These medicines should be used according to the doctor's indication or according to the dosage on the package insert and, if there is no improvement in the sore throat after 2 days or other symptoms such as fever and chills appear, for example, it is advisable to consult a general practitioner, or an otolaryngologist, as the pain may be caused by tonsillitis or pharyngitis, for example, which may need to be treated with an antibiotic.

Learn more about treating a sore throat.

2. Remedies for Toothache

Toothache can appear suddenly, and can be caused by the presence of a cavity, inflammation of the gums or an abscess and, therefore, you should go to the dentist as soon as possible. However, to relieve severe pain, the person can use analgesics, anti-inflammatories, or local anesthetics:

  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina);
  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril), diclofenac (Voltaren) or nimesulide (Neosulide, Nimesilam);
  • Local anesthetics, usually in spray form, such as benzocaine (Neopiridin).

It is important that as soon as pain in the gums or teeth appears, the dentist is consulted, as it is possible to identify the cause of the pain and, in this way, it is possible to start the most appropriate treatment, since the use of pain relievers only relieves the symptoms but does not treat the cause.

See natural ways to reduce toothache.

3. Ear Pain Remedies

Ear pain should always be evaluated by an otolaryngologist because, in most cases, it is caused by an infection inside the ear canal that must be treated with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Some of the remedies that can be used to relieve pain are:

  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina);
  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril), diclofenac (Voltaren) or nimesulide (Neosulide, Nimesilam);
  • Drop wax removers such as Cerumin if the pain is caused by excess wax buildup.

In the presence of symptoms such as foul-smelling fluid leakage, fever or hearing problems, it is important that the otolaryngologist is consulted so that the most appropriate treatment can be initiated.

See other remedies that may be indicated for earache.

4. Medicines for Stomach Pain

Stomach pain can be caused by irritation of the gastric mucosa or excess food inside the stomach, and different types of medication can be used, depending on the symptoms presented and only if recommended by the doctor:

  • Antacids, with aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate, such as Estomazil, Pepsamar or Maalox;
  • Acid production inhibitors such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole;
  • Accelerators of stomach emptying, such as domperidone (Motilium, Domperix) or metoclopramide (Plasil);
  • Gastric protectors such as sucralfate (Sucrafilm).

If the pain lasts for more than 1 week or if other symptoms such as fever, diarrhea or constipation, mucus or bloody stools, swollen belly and excessive gas appear, the GP should be consulted again or gastroenterologist, to perform diagnostic tests.

5. Remedies for back/muscle pain

Back pain is very often the result of poor posture or overtraining in the gym, which can be easily relieved. However, in some cases, it can be a sign of a more serious condition that should be seen by the doctor.

Medicines that are usually prescribed by the doctor for back pain are:

  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril), naproxen (Flanax), diclofenac (Voltaren) or celecoxib (Celebra), indicated for mild to moderate pain;
  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina), for example, indicated for mild pain;
  • Muscle relaxers, such as thiocolchicoside, cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride or diazepam, which are also available in combination with analgesics, such as Bioflex or Ana-flex, which help to relax the muscle and reduce pain;
  • Opioids such as codeine and tramadol for the most severe pain, and in very severe cases the doctor may recommend even stronger opioids;

Also, in mild cases, the local application of a gel or an anti-inflammatory plaster may be sufficient. Know how to identify the cause of back pain.

In more severe cases of chronic pain, and where justified, the doctor may also prescribe tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, for example. In cases where other medications are not sufficient to relieve pain, cortisone injections may also be necessary.

6. Remedies for Headache

Headache is a very common symptom, as it can be caused by various causes such as fever, excess stress or tiredness, for example. Some of the most commonly used medications to relieve headaches are:

  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina);
  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril) or acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin);
  • Ergotamines, such as Cefaliv;
  • Triptane (Sulmatriptan, Zolmitriptan, Naratriptan), such as Naramig, which constricts blood vessels and blocks pain.

Although the headache may improve after using these remedies, it is recommended to consult a general practitioner when it takes more than 3 days to go away, when the pain is very frequent or when other symptoms appear, such as excessive tiredness, pain in other body sites, increased fever or confusion, for example.

7. Remedies for menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramps are caused by excessive contraction of the female reproductive organs or swelling. Some of the remedies that can be used are:

  • Analgesics, such as paracetamol (Tylenol) or dipyrone (Novalgina);
  • Anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil, Ibupril), diclofenac (Voltaren), mefenamic acid (Ponstan), ketoprofen (Profenid, Algie), naproxen (Flanax, Naxotec);
  • Antispasmodics such as scopolamine (Buscopan);
  • Hormonal contraceptives, which also lead to a decrease in prostaglandins in the uterus, reducing menstrual flow and relieving pain.

See other tips to reduce menstrual cramps.

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