Bulas and Medicines 2022

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate: what is it for and how to take it

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Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate: what is it for and how to take it
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate: what is it for and how to take it
Anonim

Dexchlorpheniramine maleate is an antihistamine that is available in tablets, cream or syrup, and which may be prescribed by a doctor in the treatment of eczema, urticaria or contact dermatitis, for example.

This drug is available generically or under the trade names Polaramine or Histamine, for example, or associated with betamethasone, as is the case with Koide D. See what Koide D is for and how to take it.

What is it for

Dexchlorpheniramine maleate is indicated for the relief of symptoms of some allergic manifestations, such as hives, eczema, atopic and contact dermatitis or insect bites. In addition, it can also be indicated in case of drug reaction, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis and itching without a specific cause.

It is important that dexchlorpheniramine maleate is indicated by the doctor according to the cause to be treated, as the pharmaceutical form to be used may vary.

How to use

The way to use dexchlorpheniramine maleate depends on the treatment objective and the therapeutic form used:

1. Oral solution 2mg/5mL

The syrup is indicated for oral use and the dose must be individualized, according to the individual need and response of each person:

  • Adults and children over 12 years of age: The recommended dose is 5mL, 3 to 4 times a day, and the maximum dose should not exceed 30 mL per day;
  • Children from 6 to 12 years: The recommended dose is 2.5 mL, 3 times a day, not exceeding the maximum recommended dose of 15 mL per day;
  • Children from 2 to 6 years: The recommended dose is 1.25 mL, 3 times a day, not exceeding the maximum recommended dose of 7.5 mL per day.

2. Pills

The tablets should only be used by adults or children over 12 years old and the recommended dose is 1 tablet of 2 mg, 3 to 4 times a day. The maximum daily dose is 6 tablets per day.

3. Dermatological cream

The cream should be applied to the affected skin area, 2 times a day, avoiding covering this area.

Who should not use

Any of the pharmaceutical forms with dexchlorpheniramine maleate should not be used by people allergic to this active substance or to any other component present in the formula. In addition, they should not be used in people who are being treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors and can only be used in pregnant and lactating women, if recommended by their doctor.

Oral solution and cream are contraindicated for children under 2 years of age and tablets are contraindicated for children under 12 years of age, in addition to being contraindicated for diabetics, as they contain sugar.

Possible side effects

The most common side effects that can be caused by tablets and syrups are mild to moderate drowsiness, while the cream can cause sensitization and local irritation, especially with prolonged use.

Other possible side effects that may arise are hypotension, dry mouth, blurred vision, headache, increased urine production, sweating and anaphylactic shock, these effects being easier to happen when the medication is not taken correctly. with medical advice or when the person is allergic to any of the components of the formula.

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