Symptoms 2022

7 causes of itchy skin (and what to do)

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7 causes of itchy skin (and what to do)
7 causes of itchy skin (and what to do)

Itchy skin occurs due to some kind of inflammatory reaction, either because of cosmetic products, such as makeup, or by eating some type of food, such as pepper, for example. Dry skin is also one of the reasons why a person feels itchy skin, in addition to being possible to identify areas of scaling, it is necessary to apply moisturizing cream after bathing to improve.

When the itching lasts for more than 1 month and does not improve with any home measures, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist, as it may be a sign of some disease, such as dermatitis, infections and liver or gallbladder problems and the treatment depends on the doctor confirming the diagnosis.

Therefore, the main causes of itchy skin are:

1. Allergies

Some allergies can lead to itchy skin and are usually caused by irritating substances, which can be clothing made from synthetic materials and cosmetic products such as makeup, creams and soaps.

In addition to itchy skin, allergies caused by these products can also lead to redness, swelling, and peeling of the skin, and if you don't know exactly what's causing your allergy symptoms, it's important to consult a dermatologist to get it checked out. an allergy test such as a prick test that is done by placing samples of certain substances on the skin to see how they react in the body. Understand what the prick test is and how it is done.

What to do: to relieve itchy skin caused by allergies it is important to avoid coming into contact with the product that causes the skin reaction, as well as avoiding eating spicy foods, as it can also increase itchy skin.Some measures can also help to reduce this symptom, such as taking anti-allergic drugs, using hypoallergenic soap with a low pH, bathing in warm water and giving preference to cotton clothes.

2. Dermatitis

Itchy skin can indicate some type of dermatitis, such as atopic dermatitis, which is an inflammatory skin disease that leads to eczema, which is characterized by red, scaly patches, and in some cases can appear in the form of vesicles.

Contact dermatitis is another type of skin inflammation that causes itching and redness of the skin, and can be caused by exaggerated reactions of defense cells when they come into contact with certain substances, such as jewelry, plants, food dyes and beauty or cleaning products.

What to do: to confirm the diagnosis of dermatitis and differentiate which type the person has, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist to evaluate the symptoms and indicate the most appropriate treatment, which can be done with antiallergic, corticosteroid ointments, such as 1% hydrocortisone, or with corticosteroids to take.

In addition, applying a cold compress of chamomile is a homemade option that can be used to relieve itching caused by dermatitis. See other home remedies for dermatitis.

3. Dry skin

Dried skin, scientifically known as xeroderma, is more common in elderly people, but it can occur in anyone, especially in periods of dry and cold weather and as a consequence of the use of water-based cosmetic products and very strong chemicals. When the skin is dry, it can cause intense itching of the skin, in addition to scaling, cracks and redness.

What to do: to relieve the itching of dry skin it is necessary to apply moisturizers after bathing, because in this situation the absorption of the product is greater and it is also important that the person increase your water intake and on very dry days use a humidifier in the room.

4. Stress and Anxiety

Excessive stress and anxiety cause substances known as cytokines to be released, responsible for the body's inflammatory response and therefore can cause skin reactions, leading to itching and redness of the skin.

In addition, these feelings make people who already have skin diseases, such as dermatitis, have worse symptoms, because it causes the activation of immune system cells in an exaggerated way, leading to increased skin itching, for example.

What to do: to alleviate the itchy skin that occurs due to stress and anxiety, the ideal is to adopt measures to reduce these symptoms, which can be through activities physical exercises, meditation, psychotherapy and if these symptoms continue, it is necessary to consult a psychiatrist, who may recommend the use of antidepressants.

Watch a video with other tips on how to control anxiety and stress:

5. Liver and gallbladder problems

Some problems in the liver and gallbladder cause a reduction in the production and flow of bile, which is a liquid produced in these organs responsible for the absorption of fats, and this can happen due to obstruction in the bile ducts and ducts of the liver.

In this way, with the accumulation of bile in the body, the levels of bilirubin, which is a component of bile, are greatly increased causing symptoms such as yellow skin and eyes and itchy skin, which is more intense at night and it can be more located on the soles of the feet and the palm of the hand.

Cholestasis of pregnancy is a liver disease that can arise during pregnancy, which has these characteristics, and magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound may be required to confirm the diagnosis.

What to do: Once the diagnosis of the disease causing the liver or gallbladder problem is confirmed, the doctor may prescribe medication to stimulate the production of bile acids that help balance fat levels in bile.In these cases, it is also important to avoid the consumption of alcohol and drinks with caffeine, as well as a balanced diet, low in fat.

6. Autoimmune diseases

Lupus is a type of autoimmune disease that is characterized by the production of excess antibodies, which can cause symptoms such as irritation, redness and itching of the skin and in the most severe cases, it can affect other organs such as the lungs and cause chest pain and shortness of breath.

Like lupus, psoriasis is a disease caused by the action of cells against the body itself, as they understand the body as an invading agent. In this way, they start to attack certain organs, including the skin, leading to scaling, the appearance of red spots and itching on the skin. Know the types of psoriasis and the main symptoms of each one.

What to do: both lupus and psoriasis are diseases that have no cure, but the symptoms can be controlled through ointments and medications with corticosteroids or immunosuppressants indicated by the doctor rheumatologist.

7. Infections

Itchy skin can be the result of infections caused mainly by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Candida albicans bacteria. Folliculitis is a type of skin infection that causes the appearance of red, itchy pus-like bumps that occur due to inflammation and the presence of bacteria at the hair root.

Herpes is also a type of infection, but it is caused by a virus, and can cause symptoms such as itchy skin, redness and the presence of blisters. In addition, the skin infection can also be caused by fungi, such as mycoses that arise mainly in the folds, such as under the arm and between the toes, causing intense itching of the skin. Learn more about foot ringworm and how to treat it.

What to do: if the skin itchy for more than a month it is necessary to consult a dermatologist to examine the skin and check for infections, as if you have it it may be recommended the use of antibiotics for bacterial infections and antifungals to eliminate fungi.Herpes has no cure, but the person does not always have the lesions on the skin, which usually appear when immunity is low. Acyclovir ointment may be indicated by a doctor.

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