Psychological Disorders 2022

Treatment for depressionão (natural remedies, therapy and optionsções)

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Treatment for depressionão (natural remedies, therapy and optionsções)
Treatment for depressionão (natural remedies, therapy and optionsções)

Treatment of depression depends on its severity and is usually done with antidepressant drugs such as Fluoxetine or Paroxetine, for example, as well as psychotherapy sessions with a psychologist. It is also very important to complement the treatment with alternative and natural therapies, such as leisure activities, walking outdoors, reading or doing meditation, with the aim of increasing well-being and the feeling of pleasure.

Any doctor can guide the treatment for depression, either by SUS or privately, however it is recommended that there is a follow-up with the psychiatrist, who is the specialist doctor who can better evaluate the symptoms and indicate the best alternatives.Therefore, in the presence of signs and symptoms that indicate persistent sadness or lack of pleasure in daily activities, it is very important to talk to the doctor. Check out the main symptoms that may indicate depression.

Depression treatment time depends on each case, so some people improve in a few months, while others need to treat for years, because situations such as cause, severity and intensity of symptoms, in addition to the possibility and willingness of person to follow the treatment correctly have a lot of influence on each case.

When remedies are indicated

Treatment with medication depends on the severity of depression, however, the most indicated are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants or serotonin modulating antidepressants. These medications are important because they help to replenish brain neurotransmitters that are lacking in depression, such as serotonin and norepinephrine, promoting improved mood and well-being.Learn more about antidepressants.

So, according to the severity of depression, the recommended treatment can be:

  • Mild depression: in this case, only psychological counseling is indicated, however if there is a family history of major depression, the use of antidepressants may be recommended;
  • Moderate depression: antidepressants are indicated, with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine or paroxetine, being the most used. In addition, it is important that psychotherapy is used to complement treatment with medication;
  • Severe depression: imipramine, phenelzine or venlafaxine, for example, may be recommended. Psychotherapy may include cognitive-behavioral techniques, in addition to frequent medical follow-up.

Treatment time can also vary from person to person, ranging from about 6 months to several years, as the improvement of depression happens in a very individual way.

Psychological treatment for depression

Psychotherapy helps to reduce emotional difficulties, stimulating self-knowledge and the resolution of the person's internal conflicts. It is important that the therapy always accompanies the treatment with medication, because this way it is possible to obtain a better result, relieving symptoms and preventing relapses.

Psychotherapy should be done by a psychologist or psychotherapist, who evaluates the best approach to the person's needs. Some of the most used and successful techniques are cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy, which have been shown to improve self-esteem, develop tools to cope with situations that produce symptoms, and change depressive thinking.

Other therapies

Although the use of medication and psychotherapy are the main forms of treatment for depression, other alternatives that may be indicated are:

1. Natural treatment

Natural treatment for depression helps complement, but does not replace, medical treatment, including:

  • Eat foods rich in omega 3: such as salmon, tuna, sardines, chia seeds or walnuts, as omega 3 acts on the brain, helping to fight depression;
  • Eat foods rich in vitamin B and D: such as chicken, turkey or eggs, as they help to eliminate physical and mental fatigue;
  • Drink St. John's wort tea or white willow tea throughout the day: helps to calm down, increasing the feeling of well-being;
  • Drinking grape, apple and passion fruit juice: helps to calm down, fight physical and mental fatigue and depression.

In addition to these tips, it is important that the patient does regular physical activity such as Pilates, moderate walks or swimming, as exercise also stimulates pleasure and well-being.

2. Alternative treatment

Alternative therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, Reiki and meditation are excellent ways to help in the treatment of depression, as they are able to provide relaxation and well-being, and can be useful to combat symptoms of depression.

Also, leisure activities such as reading, painting, dancing or listening to music are recommended to relieve stress and anxiety.

3. Electroshock

This type of treatment is only indicated for very severe cases of depression, in which there has been no improvement with the other treatments available, when there is a disease that prevents the use of antidepressants and in cases of suicidal tendency, and consists of performing brain electroshocks, in a controlled and painless way, which facilitate the reorganization of brain activity.

In addition to electroconvulsive therapy, other modern therapies such as vagus nerve stimulation and deep brain stimulation are treatment options in severe cases.

Signs of improvement

Signs of improvement in depression usually appear, about 1 month after the start of treatment and include less desire to cry, greater optimism and greater desire to carry out day-to-day activities, for example. However, the patient should not stop taking the medication until the doctor's indication, if he feels better, as the treatment must last at least a few months to 1 year or the condition may even worsen.

Signs of worsening

Signs of worsening depression include an increase in the urge to cry, sadness and lack of interest in life, for example, and they usually appear when the patient stops taking the medication without a doctor's recommendation because feel better, or also in severe cases where it is necessary to adjust the treatment.

It is important to remember that the desire or planning of suicide are serious signs of depression, and indicate the need for hospitalization for closer medical follow-up. Check out some signs that may indicate suicidal behavior.

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