Pain in the belly foot is usually related to the organs present in this region of the abdomen, such as the uterus, bladder or intestine, for example. The most common causes tend to be minor and include changes in intestinal transit, such as constipation, poor digestion or urinary tract infection, for example.
However, it is also possible that the pain arises from more serious causes or until it starts in another part of the belly and ends up radiating to the lower region.
The recommended thing is that whenever the pain is very intense, takes a long time to disappear or is accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, nausea or fever, consult a general practitioner to identify the correct diagnosis and start the most appropriate treatment.
Some of the most common causes for lower belly pain are:
1. Changes in intestinal transit
Alterations in intestinal transit such as diarrhea, constipation or gas, can cause abdominal pain, which may arise from various factors such as lactose or gluten food intolerances, for example, gastroenteritis or viruses, or after increased intake of some foods that produce gas, such as milk, cauliflower and cheese, for example. Here's how to identify gas symptoms.
What to do: To treat diarrhea faster, you should avoid fatty foods, eggs and milk, drink black or chamomile tea or opt for a probiotic, like Floratil or Repoflor, for example.
To treat constipation and gas, it is recommended to eat a diet rich in fiber, drink lots of water, avoid foods rich in carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes and white bread, or do an abdominal massage below the belly button, in the direction from right to left.Fennel tea can also be a natural option to get rid of gas quickly.
Check out the following video for some tips to eliminate gases:
2. Bad digestion
Poor digestion can also cause pain and swelling in the lower abdomen, as well as other symptoms such as heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
What to do: The treatment of poor digestion can be done by opting for foods that are easy to digest and do not irritate the stomach, such as gelatin, fruit juices, bread and cookies without filling, avoiding the consumption of liquids during digestion.
In addition, making changes in eating habits can also help digestion, relieving symptoms, so it is recommended to eat slower, chew food well before swallowing and avoid talking while chewing.
In some cases, the doctor may indicate the use of remedies to help relieve the symptoms of poor digestion, such as Gaviscon or milk of magnesia, and it is also interesting to make use of some home remedy options such as tea boldo or fennel tea, for example, as they have digestive and anti-inflammatory properties.
3. Urinary tract infection
Urinary infection is normally caused by bacteria from the intestine that reach the urinary system, being therefore more frequent in women, due to the proximity of the anus to the urethra. Symptoms vary from person to person, but there is usually pain when urinating, and if the infection reaches the bladder, you may experience a foul odor, blood in the urine, and abdominal pain or a feeling of heaviness at the bottom of the bladder.
What to do: The most used drugs for the treatment of urinary tract infection are antibiotics, such as Ciprofloxacin and Cephalexin, and analgesics, such as Pyridium or Uristat, for example, which should always be advised by the doctor. Learn more about treating urinary tract infections.
4. Kidney stone
The kidney stone, when not eliminated in the urine, can get stuck in the channels where the urine passes, causing very intense pain and sometimes blood in the urine.This intense pain is usually felt in the lower back, but it can also affect the lower part of the belly, groin, or testicles.
What to do: Treatment consists of administering an analgesic, such as Paracetamol or Tramadol, as well as an antispasmodic medication to relax the urinary tract and facilitate the urinary tract, reducing the pain. In addition, drinking lots of water and reducing the s alt content in food are also small tips that can help.
In less serious cases, you can also opt for a natural treatment, using a stone break tea, due to its diuretic action and facilitating the elimination of stones. Check out other home remedies for kidney stones.
5. Menstrual cramps
Also known as dysmenorrhea, menstrual cramps can cause intense pain in the bottom of the belly and back, discomfort and discomfort in the woman, and if they are very intense, a gynecologist should be consulted in order to identify whether there is any dysfunction of Organs reproductive organs.
What to do: There are several ways to alleviate menstrual cramps, such as using contraceptives to regulate the menstrual cycle, and anti-inflammatory or painkillers, such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, for pain relief.
In addition, you can also resort to other techniques such as doing exercises that help reduce cramps, lying on your back and bringing your knees to your chest, holding your legs with your hands, applying warm water on the abdomen, or even exercising.
See more tips to relieve menstrual cramps by watching the video below:
Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, causing intense abdominal cramps during menstruation, which can increase over time. However, the disease is only discovered later, especially when the woman cannot get pregnant.
What to do: Women who wish to have children can treat endometriosis through the use of oral contraceptives, hormonal drugs such as Zoladex, for example, by placing a intrauterine device or having surgery to remove the endometriosis foci. In cases of women who do not wish to have children, surgery may be performed to remove the endometrial tissue and the involved organs.
7. Ovarian cysts
The ovarian cyst consists of a pocket of fluid that forms in or around the ovary, which may or may not compromise pregnancy. The ovarian cyst can cause symptoms when it has a large volume, such as pain in the pelvic region and during sexual intercourse, delay in menstruation, bleeding, nausea and vomiting and excessive tiredness. See how to identify the ovarian cyst.
What to do: Treatment may vary depending on the type of cyst that the woman has, and can be resolved only by changing contraceptives, or in more severe cases, resorting to the surgery.
One of the first symptoms of pregnancy is cramping and abdominal bloating, due to an increase in blood flow in the pelvic area and due to the pelvic changes that are happening. Also, around 7 weeks of pregnancy, the lower part of the belly button starts to feel hard.
What to do: When you experience a stomachache caused by pregnancy, it is recommended to drink fluids, easily digestible foods, eat small amounts and avoid eating foods rich in fiber such as cereals, fruits with skin or legumes, for example. However, if the pain is very intense, you should go to the doctor. See more foods to help treat stomach pain during pregnancy.
9. Ectopic pregnancy
Although pain in the bottom of the belly is common in pregnancy, if it becomes very intense, it can be caused by an ectopic pregnancy, which happens when the embryo develops outside the uterus, and can cause intense abdominal pain only on one side, abdominal swelling and bleeding from the vagina.
What to do: Treatment depends on the location of the embryo and time of gestation, but it can be done with the use of medication to terminate the pregnancy, or a surgery to remove the embryo and reconstruct the fallopian tube, for example.
10. Pelvic inflammatory disease
This disease is characterized by an infection that begins in the vagina or cervix, and affects the endometrium, fallopian tubes and ovaries, which may take only a few days or, if chronic, may persist for months or even years.. This can be a sexually transmitted disease or be related to procedures in the female genital region, such as surgery, which cause bacteria to proliferate in the vaginal region.
In addition to causing pain in the bottom of the belly, fever, white or yellowish vaginal discharge and pain during intimate contact can also occur. Learn more about pelvic inflammatory disease.
What to do: Treatment consists of using antibiotics for about 14 days. During treatment, intimate contact should be avoided, and if an intrauterine device is used, it should be removed.
11. Inguinal hernia
Inguinal hernia is more common in men and consists of a bulge in the groin area, caused by the passage of a part of the intestine through a weaker point of the abdominal muscles, causing pain and discomfort in the region when making some movements how to stand up or bow down.
What to do: The best form of treatment for an inguinal hernia is surgery, in which the portion of the intestine is put back in place and the abdominal wall is reinforced. This surgery is usually short and has a quick recovery.
12. Testicular torsion
Testicular torsion is a problem that usually occurs in young men when a testicle twists around the spermatic cord, decreasing blood circulation, which can cause serious injury to the testicle. The most common symptoms are severe pain in the testicles, with swelling and tenderness in the scrotum, and pain in the belly or groin.See more symptoms of testicular torsion.
This type of problem is more common in men who have some type of testicular tumor, have a history of testicular horizontalization, have a history of incomplete descent of the testicles or have a wide spermatic cord, for example.
What to do: The treatment should be done as soon as possible in the hospital, with surgery, to place the testicle in the correct place and thus allow the passage of blood, avoiding the death of the organ.
13. Sexual intercourse
Tummy pain related to intercourse can happen due to lack of lubrication, which makes intercourse more painful, be indicative of diseases such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, colpitis and sexually transmitted infections, or be related to anatomical alterations in the female reproductive system. In addition, having more intense sexual intercourse can also result in irritation and inflammation of the region, causing pain in the bottom of the belly.
What to do: It is important that the cause of the pain in the belly foot during sexual intercourse is identified so that the most appropriate treatment can be started. In case the pain is related to diseases or anatomical alterations, it is important that the treatment is done according to the gynecologist's orientation, who may indicate the use of antibiotics or surgery, in some cases.
If the pain is related to the lack of vaginal lubrication, the use of lubricant during sexual intercourse may also be indicated.