General Practice 2022

Cóintestinal pain: symptoms, causes and how to relieve

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Cóintestinal pain: symptoms, causes and how to relieve
Cóintestinal pain: symptoms, causes and how to relieve

Intestinal colic is a relatively common situation that occurs due to contractions or spasms in the muscles of the intestines, which can occur in the foot of the belly, on the right or left side, causing pain or discomfort, and usually occurs due to excess of gas, diarrhea or constipation.

In addition, intestinal colic can be caused by food intolerance, or even infections in the intestine, such as gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel diseases or appendicitis, and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, blood in the stool or excessive tiredness.

Intestinal colic can disappear without needing treatment, it is only advised to rest, avoid eating fatty and sugary foods and drink lots of water.However, when this colic is very intense or persists for more than 2 days, it is recommended to see a general practitioner or gastroenterologist to identify the cause and initiate appropriate treatment.

Symptoms of intestinal colic

The symptoms of intestinal colic can happen from mild to intense, in the foot of the belly, or on the right or left side, the main ones being:

  • Abdominal pain and discomfort;
  • Tough belly;
  • Excessive gas;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Swollen belly;
  • Excessive fatigue;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Mucus or blood in stool;
  • Fever;
  • Weight Loss.

If the symptoms are persistent or prevent the performance of day-to-day activities, it is recommended that the person consult a general practitioner or gastroenterologist so that an assessment of the symptoms is carried out, the cause of the colic is identified and, thus,, the most appropriate treatment is initiated.

Possible causes

Intestinal colic can be caused by any situation that irritates the gastrointestinal tract and leads to increased gas production and/or local inflammation. Thus, it may be related to food intolerance or allergy, consumption of foods that increase the production of gases, such as cabbage, beans and soft drinks, for example, or be a consequence of diarrhea or constipation.

In addition, intestinal colic can be one of the signs of more serious conditions, such as intestinal infection, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, diverticulosis, intestinal obstruction or appendicitis, for example. Therefore, it is important that in the presence of persistent and/or recurrent symptoms, the doctor is consulted so that an investigation of the cause of intestinal colic can be carried out.

How to relieve

Mild intestinal colic can be relieved with simple measures or lifestyle changes such as:

  • Rest;
  • Maintain oral hydration with water or homemade saline, made at home or bought ready-made at the pharmacy;
  • Use a hot water bottle on the belly;
  • Have chamomile tea or peppermint tea to help eliminate intestinal gas;
  • Avoid fatty or high-sugar foods;
  • Avoid foods that increase gas production, such as broccoli, cabbage, beans or soda;

In addition, in cases of food intolerance or allergy, it is important to avoid the food associated with the intolerance, however, in some cases it is possible to replace the missing enzyme or reduce the amount consumed, as directed by the doctor or the nutritionist.

In cases of moderate or severe colic, which does not improve within 2 days, or which starts suddenly, you should consult your general practitioner or gastroenterologist for treatment according to what caused the intestinal colic, including antibiotics, probiotics or antidepressants, for example.In addition, your doctor may prescribe medication to help relieve pain and discomfort, such as antispasmodics or pain relievers.

Check out some home remedies for intestinal colic.

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