General Practice 2022

Diet for high áacid úrich: what to eat and what to avoid

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Diet for high áacid úrich: what to eat and what to avoid
Diet for high áacid úrich: what to eat and what to avoid
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The uric acid diet aims to reduce the intake of purines, a type of protein that, when in excess, increases the production of uric acid and is present mainly in beef and pork, as well as in viscera such as liver and gizzard, as well as being present in some fish, such as tuna or sardines, and seafood, such as shrimp and mussels.

It is also recommended to reduce the consumption of simple carbohydrates, such as breads, sweets, soft drinks or fruit juices, as they facilitate weight gain, which is one of the main causes of high uric acid. Understand better what high uric acid is, its causes and symptoms.

On the other hand, it is important to increase the consumption of vegetables and fruits, as fiber and vitamins, especially vitamin C, help to regulate uric acid in the blood, as it is recommended to increase water intake, by eliminating excess uric acid in the urine.Here are some home remedies to lower uric acid.

Allowed, moderate and avoidable foods

Foods that should be avoided are mainly simple carbohydrates, such as bread, sugar and flour, red meat, offal and seafood.

On the other hand, it is important to increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, good fats, and whole grains, as shown in the following table:

Allowed

Moderate consumption

Avoid

Fruits in natura and with peel Peas, beans, soybeans, corn, lentils, chickpeas Industrialized sauces, meat broths, meat extract
Vegetables Asparagus, cauliflower, spinach Processed meats such as sausage, sausage, ham, bologna
Skim milk, low-fat yogurt and low-fat cheeses like cottage and ricotta Mushrooms Guts such as liver, kidneys and gizzard
Coffee and teas Whole grains such as whole grain bread, brown rice, wheat bran, oatmeal White bread, rice, pasta and flour
Olive oil, nuts, walnuts, peanuts, almonds Poultry such as chicken and turkey, fish such as sardines, tuna, anchovies and eggs Sugar, sweets, ice cream, soft drinks and industrialized juices
--- Red meat, such as beef and pork Alcoholic beverages, especially beer
--- Natural fruit juices Seafood like crab, shrimp, mussels, roe and caviar

Foods that should be consumed in moderation, such as chicken, red meat and eggs, may have to be temporarily excluded from the diet, when the uric acid in the blood is too high or when the gout attack occurs. Learn what gout is, symptoms and treatment.

Although it is recommended to avoid tomato consumption, as it is associated with an increase in uric acid, there are no studies that confirm this relationship. Tomatoes are a he althy food, rich in vitamin C and antioxidants that help balance uric acid. Therefore, people who do not identify a direct link between tomato ingestion and the onset or worsening of gout attacks may continue to consume the fruit.

Another myth is that citrus fruits acidify the blood, increasing uric acid. The acidity of fruits is neutralized by stomach acid, which is stronger than the acid in the food. When absorbed by the body, the acids of citrus fruits do not interfere with the acidity of the blood and do not worsen uric acid.

Tips to lower uric acid

To help lower uric acid, there are some tips you can follow every day, such as:

  • Drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day;
  • Increase consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables;
  • Decrease meat, chicken and fish intake;
  • Give preference to diuretic foods such as watermelon, cucumber or celery. See a list of diuretic foods;
  • Avoid consumption of foods rich in purines, such as liver, kidneys and gizzards;
  • Avoid drinking alcohol;
  • Reduce consumption of industrialized products with a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, cookies, ice cream or ready-to-eat foods;
  • Increase consumption of foods with vitamin C such as orange, pineapple and acerola. See other foods rich in vitamin C;
  • Losing or maintaining adequate weight, as obesity and overweight are one of the causes of high uric acid in the blood;
  • Practice regular physical activity, because it is essential to maintain adequate weight and uric acid levels.

For the treatment of high uric acid, it is important to have the follow-up of a nutritionist, prioritizing a personalized diet and a physical education professional, to assist in the practice of exercises.

Check out some foods that can increase gout and you can't even imagine.

Menu to lower uric acid

The following table shows an example of a 3-day menu to help control blood uric acid levels:

Meal

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Breakfast

1 cup of unsweetened coffee + an omelet with 2 eggs + 1 kiwi 1 low-fat plain yogurt with chopped strawberries + 1 slice of wholemeal bread with ricotta cheese 1 cup of coffee with skim milk + 2 scrambled eggs + 1 small slice of papaya

Morning snack

1 banana + 5 cashews 1 slice of papaya + 1 tablespoon of peanut butter 1 glass of green juice, made with orange and kale

Lunch/Dinner

Brown rice with broccoli + roasted tilapia fillet + 1 guava Mashed sweet potato + 1 fillet of stewed sea bass + lettuce salad with arugula and grated raw carrots and olive oil + 1 glass of cashew juice Wholemeal pasta with pesto sauce + 1 grilled chicken fillet + 1 cabbage and carrot salad sautéed in olive oil + 1 slice of melon

Afternoon snack

1 tapioca stuffed with cottage cheese + 3 walnuts + 2 small slices of pineapple 1 cup coffee with skim milk + 1 slice of whole grain bread + 1 scrambled egg 1 low-fat plain yogurt + 10 cashews + 1 slice of watermelon

This menu template is just an example to include in the diet. For the treatment of high uric acid, in addition to being monitored by a rheumatologist, it is recommended to have the guidance of a nutritionist, for a personalized and balanced menu.

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