General Practice 2022

Infecç&intestinal activity in the babyê: symptoms, causes and treatment

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Infecç&intestinal activity in the babyê: symptoms, causes and treatment
Infecç&intestinal activity in the babyê: symptoms, causes and treatment

Intestinal infection in the baby is a very common situation and happens when the body reacts against the entry of viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi into the gastrointestinal tract, which can cause symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and fever in the child.

It is important that, in the presence of these symptoms, the baby is given homemade serum and plenty of water, as this is how it is possible to keep the baby hydrated and favor the elimination of the infectious agent responsible for the disease. However, when symptoms last more than a week and it is possible to notice the presence of blood or mucus in the baby's stool, it is important to consult the pediatrician so that an evaluation can be carried out and the most appropriate treatment can be started.

Symptoms of intestinal infection in baby

The symptoms of intestinal infection in the baby may appear a few days after the baby comes into contact with the virus or bacteria responsible for the disease, the main ones being:

  • Diarrhea;
  • Intense abdominal pain that makes the child cry;
  • Fever;
  • Vomiting;
  • Sickness.

In more severe cases, it is also possible to have blood and/or mucus in the baby's feces and signs and symptoms of dehydration, such as the presence of dark circles, dry diaper due to the non-production of urine and little saliva, which is important in these cases. cases that the pediatrician is consulted immediately so that the appropriate treatment can be started. Know other symptoms of dehydration in babies.

Main causes

Intestinal infection in the baby is usually caused by a virus, through the baby's contact with contaminated saliva or feces during diaper changes or contact with toys from another sick child.

However, intestinal infection in babies can also be caused by bacteria, through contact or consumption of contaminated water, juices, ingestion of spoiled food, fruits and vegetables that have been in places with infected animals.

How is the treatment

Normally, fever and nausea disappear in the first 2 or 3 days, but the child's recovery varies from 4 to 5 days, and can take a week or more. However, if the childhood intestinal infection is not treated, the child can become dehydrated and develop other complications, such as lesions in the intestinal mucosa, metabolic loss or malnutrition.

Thus, treatment for intestinal infection in a baby should be recommended by the pediatrician according to the baby's age and symptoms. To avoid dehydration, it is important to give the baby an oral hydration solution, which should be made with water and a little s alt. To prevent the baby from vomiting, you can give it in small spoonfuls, so it is easier for the baby to drink the solution, reducing the risk of dehydration.

In some cases, when the baby has other symptoms besides diarrhea, the pediatrician may indicate the use of medications that help relieve these symptoms, in addition to antibiotics, however the indication of these medications is infrequent, and the rest and drinking enough water, homemade saline or oral rehydration to fight the intestinal infection.

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