General Practice 2022

7 common skin problems in babyê and how to treat

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7 common skin problems in babyê and how to treat
7 common skin problems in babyê and how to treat
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The appearance of changes in the baby's skin is very common during the first year of life, as the skin is still very sensitive and reacts against any type of substance, from the sun's rays to creams, shampoos and bacteria. Generally, the skin changes are not serious and their treatment can be easily done with creams and ointments recommended by the pediatrician.

Birth spots usually do not need treatment and do not cause complications, but they should be observed by a pediatrician to ensure they are not a sign of a more serious skin problem.

Skin problems in babies can usually be easily identified through their characteristics, however, it is always recommended to consult the pediatrician before starting any type of treatment.

1. Diaper rash

Rupture is common in the baby who wears a diaper, manifesting itself as red spots on the baby's buttocks and genital region due to the contact of feces and urine with the skin, being very common on summer days and when the baby spends a lot of time in the same diaper.

How to treat: keep the skin of the buttocks and genital area clean and dry, changing diapers when they are dirty, and apply a diaper rash cream, such as Hipoglós, to protect the skin against the acidity of feces and urine. Here's what else you can do to cure baby's diaper rash.

2. Neonatal acne

Neonatal acne can appear up to 6 months of the baby's life, however, it is more frequent in the first 3 weeks, producing small red or white spots on the skin of the baby's face, forehead or back.

How to treat: treatment is not necessary for neonatal acne, it is only advisable to wash the affected region with water and soap with a neutral pH suitable for the baby's skin.In cases where the pimples do not disappear after 6 months, the pediatrician should be consulted again to assess the need to start treatment with acne products.

3. Intertrigo

Intertrigo is a red spot on the baby's skin that appears in the folds, such as on the legs and neck, especially in chubby babies under 6 months of age. Intertrigo does not normally bother the baby, but it can cause pain when it is very large.

How to treat: wash and dry the skin area under the skin folds well and apply an ointment with vitamin A or zinc, such as Hipoglós, under medical supervision.

4. Seborrhea

Seborrhea can appear as red spots on the eyebrows or scalp, as well as cause a thick, yellowish layer to appear on the baby's head, similar to dandruff.

How to treat: wash your hair with water and a neutral pH shampoo suitable for babies and, after bathing, comb with a soft bristle brush to remove the crusts. Another option is to apply warm oil before bathing to make it easier to remove the crusts with a brush or comb.

5. Chickenpox

Chickenpox, also known as chickenpox, is a very common disease in babies and children.

How to treat: It is recommended to consult a pediatrician before starting treatment, as it may be necessary to use antiallergic ointments, such as Polaramine, to reduce symptoms and treat red spots. See more tips on how to treat Chickenpox.

6. Prickly heat

Prickly heat is the appearance of small red or white spots on the skin due to excess heat and, therefore, they are frequent after being inside a hot car or when the baby is wearing a lot of clothes. The dots can appear anywhere on the body, especially on the neck, back, and in the creases of the arms and knees.

How to treat: wear clothes appropriate for the season, avoiding very warm clothes inside the house and other hot environments. In addition, prolonged sun exposure should also be avoided, even when traveling in the car.

7. Milium on the face

Milium are small cysts that appear in the baby's nose or near the eyes. These are small and benign, requiring no specific treatment. They appear especially in the summer, or when the newborn has a fever.

How to treat: There is no need for specific treatment, but to prevent it from getting worse and turning into liquid-filled balls, you can put a cold saline solution, because this decreases perspiration, decreasing the risk of milium becoming full of sweat, which cannot be eliminated.See photos of this complication of milium in the newborn.

In addition to the indicated care, parents should regularly take the baby to the pediatrician to assess the evolution of the spots and adjust the treatment, if necessary.

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