General Practice 2022

Pharyngitis in babyê: what é, symptoms and how to treat

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Pharyngitis in babyê: what é, symptoms and how to treat
Pharyngitis in babyê: what é, symptoms and how to treat
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Baby pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx or throat, as it is popularly called, and can occur at any age, being more frequent in younger children due to the fact that the immune system is still developing and the habit of frequently putting hands or objects in mouth.

Pharyngitis can be viral, when caused by a virus, or bacterial, when caused by bacteria. The most common and severe pharyngitis is strep throat or angina, which is a type of bacterial pharyngitis caused by Streptococcus-like bacteria.

Main symptoms

The main symptoms of pharyngitis in babies are:

  • Fever of varying intensity;
  • Baby refuses to eat or drink:
  • Baby cries when eating or swallowing;
  • Easy;
  • Cough;
  • Nose secretion;
  • Red or pus-filled throat;
  • The baby often complains of sore throat;
  • Headache.

It is important that the symptoms of pharyngitis in the baby are immediately identified and treated according to the pediatrician's guidance, as pharyngitis can favor the occurrence of other infections and inflammations, such as sinusitis and otitis. Learn how to recognize otitis in babies.

Causes of pharyngitis in babies

Baby pharyngitis can be caused by both viruses and bacteria, with pharyngitis due to infection with streptococcal bacteria being more frequent.

Typically, pharyngitis in a baby develops as a consequence of flu, cold or throat obstruction due to secretions, for example.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for baby pharyngitis can be done at home and includes:

  • Give baby soft foods that are easy to swallow;
  • Give the baby plenty of water and other liquids such as orange juice, for example, the child;
  • Give a child over 1 year of age pasteurized honey to moisturize the throat and relieve coughing;
  • Gargles with warm s alt water for children over 5 years of age;
  • In the presence of secretions, wash the child's nose with saline solution.

In addition to these measures, the pediatrician may indicate the use of medication in the treatment of pharyngitis. In case of viral pharyngitis, medicines such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen to treat pain and fever, and in case of bacterial pharyngitis, antibiotics.

The sore throat caused by a virus usually disappears in about 7 days and the child usually starts to feel better 3 days after starting the antibiotic, in the case of bacterial pharyngitis, and the antibiotic should be continued according to the pediatrician's advice even if the symptoms disappear.

Learn other home remedies to treat baby's sore throat.

When to go to the doctor

It is important to take the child to the pediatrician if he has a fever or if the sore throat lasts for more than 24 hours. In addition, it is recommended to see a pediatrician if the child has difficulty breathing, is drooling a lot or has difficulty swallowing.

If the child seems to be very sick, such as being quiet for a while, not wanting to play or eat, it is also necessary to take him to the pediatrician.

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