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The frequency with which the baby poops varies according to its age and changes in diet, and constipation is common, especially between the first and second month and after the child starts eating solid foods.
To prevent and fight constipation in the baby, it is important to breastfeed the baby in the first few months, in addition to giving foods rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals, according to the pediatrician's guidance, which help to improve bowel function and hydrate the faeces, facilitating their elimination.
What to do
To combat constipation in the baby, it is important that the baby is given he althy foods that favor the functioning of the intestine, and plenty of water. In this way, to release the baby's intestine, it is important:
1. Give foods with a laxative effect
After 6 months, the pediatrician may recommend the consumption of foods that have a laxative effect, helping to improve bowel function and favor evacuation. Thus, some of the foods that can be indicated are:
- Fruits: papaya, orange with pomace, black plum, tangerine, peach;
- Boiled leafy vegetables: kale, broccoli, spinach;
- Vegetables: carrots, sweet potatoes, beets, pumpkin;
- Whole grains: oats, wheat bran.
It is not recommended to give laxative medicines, mineral oil or laxative teas to the baby, such as cascara sagrada tea or genipap, unless they are indicated by the pediatrician, as they can irritate the intestines and lead to the production of gas and discomfort abdominal.
Learn about other homemade laxative options that your pediatrician may recommend.
2. Stimulating water consumption
In addition to feeding, it is essential to give the baby water throughout the day, especially when he starts solid foods, such as purees and porridge, to soften the stools. It may also be necessary to make the purees, soups and porridges a little more liquid, adding more water so that the baby's stools are more hydrated.
Babies who only feed on breast milk already receive enough water from the mother's breast, but if the stools are still dry, you should talk to your pediatrician to offer more water between feedings. See when to start giving the baby water.
3. Avoid foods that clog the intestines
In addition to offering foods that help to loosen the baby's intestines, it is also important to avoid foods that cause constipation, such as silver bananas, guava, pears and apples, especially when they are offered without the skin.
You should also avoid including vegetables such as potatoes, manioc, manioc, pasta, yams or yams in the baby's soup, as they tend to make the intestines more stuck.
When to go to the doctor
If the baby's intestines show signs of pain or if the belly feels very hard for more than 2 days in a row, it is important to consult the pediatrician. In addition, if blood appears in the stool or if the stool is very dark or almost white, it is also a sign that there may be bleeding in the intestine or liver problems, and it is necessary to look for the pediatrician. Find out what are the main causes of changes in baby poop.