Table of contents:
- Main symptoms
- How to confirm the diagnosis
- How the treatment is done
- How to prevent rhinitis from coming back
Rhinitis is inflammation of the baby's nose, whose main symptoms are a clogged nose and a runny nose, in addition to causing itching and irritation. Thus, it is very common for the baby to be always putting his hand up to his nose and find himself more irritated than normal.
Generally, rhinitis is caused by an allergy to various allergens that are in the air we breathe, such as dust, animal hair or smoke, and that come into contact for the first time with the baby's body, generating an exaggerated production. of histamine, a substance that is responsible for causing inflammation and the appearance of allergy symptoms.
In most cases, no specific type of treatment is necessary, it is only recommended to maintain adequate hydration and avoid exposure to more polluted environments.
The most common symptoms that indicate rhinitis in a baby include:
- Intense coryza and stuffy nose;
- Frequent sneezing;
- Rubbing your hands over your nose, eyes or ears;
- Constant cough;
- Snoring while sleeping.
Due to the discomfort caused by rhinitis, it is common for the baby to be more irritable, not wanting to play and crying frequently. It is also possible that the baby has less desire to eat and wakes up several times during the night.
How to confirm the diagnosis
The best way to confirm a baby's rhinitis is to see a pediatrician to evaluate the symptoms, however, the doctor may advise an allergist if they identify that the rhinitis is being caused by a more severe and chronic allergy.
In addition to going to the pediatrician when symptoms arise, it is also very important to consult the doctor whenever there is any change in the baby's behavior, both during the day and at night.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for allergic rhinitis in a baby can be time consuming, as it is necessary to find out what is causing the condition, but to alleviate symptoms, parents can:
- Offer water several times a day, but only if he is no longer exclusively breastfeeding, to fluidize secretions, facilitate their removal and prevent their accumulation in the airways;
- Avoid exposing the baby to possible allergic substances such as pet dander, pollen, smoke;
- Dress the baby only in clean clothes, as clothes that have already been used, especially for going out on the street, can contain various types of substances;
- Avoid drying baby clothes outside the house, as it can catch allergic substances;
- Cleaning the baby's nose with saline solution. Here's how to do it correctly;
- Nebulization with saline solution to the baby.
However, if the symptoms continue to be very intense, the pediatrician may advise the use of antihistamine drugs, such as Diphenhydramine or Hydroxyzine, which should only be used with medical advice.
Also, some nasal sprays with anti-inflammatory substances or corticosteroids may also be advised for some cases.
How to prevent rhinitis from coming back
To prevent rhinitis from returning, there are some precautions you can take at home, such as:
- Avoid using rugs or curtains;
- Clean furniture and floor daily with warm water and a clean damp cloth;
- Avoid unnecessary furniture;
- Store books and magazines inside cabinets to prevent dust from accumulating, as well as stuffed animals;
- No smoking indoors and in the car;
- Change all bedding daily;
- Keep the house well ventilated;
- No pets in the house;
- Avoid walking in parks and gardens in autumn and spring.
This type of care can also help prevent and calm symptoms of other respiratory problems, such as asthma or sinusitis, for example.