General Practice 2022

Baby developmentê at 18 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&activity;o

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Baby developmentê at 18 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&activity;o
Baby developmentê at 18 months: weight, sleep and nutritionç&activity;o
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A baby at 18 months likes to play with other children and is usually able to walk alone, run, kick a ball, and go up and down stairs without much difficulty. At this stage, the baby also points to what he wants, understands everything he is told and can speak more simple words, such as “tasa” (house), “aga” (water) or “tato” (duck).

Baby sleep at 18 months tends to be peaceful, but some children may want to continue playing after bedtime, ask for the company of parents or guardians, or even wake up during the night.

At 18 months, the baby already has teeth, which makes it easier to chew more solid foods in addition to being able to grip the spoon and cup well, being able to feed itself.However, at this stage the child tends to refuse some foods, and it is important to vary the preparation methods and repeat the offer of foods so that they get used to it.

It is worth remembering that the characteristics of sleep, speech, favorite games and feeding happen at different rates for each baby. Therefore, in cases of doubts about the baby's development, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician.

Baby weight

The table below indicates the ideal baby weight range for this age, as well as other important parameters such as height and head circumference, according to the World He alth Organization:

Boys

Girls

Weight for age

8, 8 to 13.7 kg 8, 1 to 13.2 kg

Height for age

78, 8 and 90 cm 76, 8 and 88, 7 cm

Head circumference

45 to 50.4 cm 43, 7 to 49, 4 cm

Monthly weight gain

200 g 200 g

If the baby presents values ​​above or below these ranges, it is important to consult a pediatrician to assess the child's development.

Baby sleep

Usually the baby at 18 months has a good night's sleep, varying between 11 and 13 hours. But at times he wants to continue playing at bedtime.Therefore, it is important that parents or guardians speak in a calm and calm voice, explaining firmly, but without fighting, that it is time for bed.

To help the child with difficulty getting to sleep, you can create a nighttime routine, such as giving dinner, after bathing the child, and reducing noise and lighting in the house. This allows the baby to gradually calm down in addition to creating good “sleep hygiene”. See more tips to help your baby sleep.

In addition to stimulating the baby's sleep, it is important to avoid activities that stimulate the child close to bedtime, such as watching television, using the cell phone or leaving the light on, for example. if the child does not want to sleep, because he wants to continue playing or is more active, it is important to welcome and calm the child, trying to know what happens.

Baby feeding at 18 months

A baby aged 18 months can now eat the same meals as the family, having 6 meals a day, including 3 fresh fruit porridge divided between breakfast, morning and afternoon snacks, and 2 porridge "s alty", made with vegetables, cereals or tubers, legumes and proteins, for lunch and dinner, as explained below:

  • Breakfast: ½ serving of fresh fruit + breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk, or infant formula;
  • Morning snack: 1 serving of fruit + breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk, or infant formula;
  • Lunch and dinner: 1 tablespoon of cereal, such as rice or pasta, or root vegetables, such as yams and sweet potatoes + 2 tablespoons of vegetables, such as chayote, tomato and spinach + 2 tablespoons of legumes, such as black-eyed peas + 1 tablespoon of protein, such as meat, fish or egg;
  • Afternoon snack: ½ portion of fresh fruit + breast milk or 200 ml of whole cow's milk; or cereals, such as bread, oatmeal and corn couscous + breast milk or 200 ml of whole cow's milk; or roots and tubers, such as cassava, sweet potato and yam + breast milk or 200 ml of whole cow's milk;
  • Supper: breast milk or 200 ml of whole cow's milk, or infant formula.

Baby at 18 months still needs breast milk, which should be offered together with fruit porridge and on demand, which is when the baby wants to breastfeed.

For babies who are not breastfeeding, whole cow's milk is recommended as it is a drink rich in calcium, an important mineral for the formation of bones and teeth. But it should only be given in a total of 600 ml per day, as excess calcium can interfere with the absorption of iron from food.

However, in situations such as intolerances and allergies, for example, the consumption of cow's milk should be avoided. Therefore, before offering this type of milk to the baby, it is important to talk to the pediatrician.

Water intake per day

The Brazilian Society of Pediatrics recommends offering 1.3 liters of water a day to babies at 18 months. In these 1, 3 liters must be counted the amount of water present in breast milk, in cow's milk, the water used in preparations such as soups or stews and pure water.

It is important that pure water is always filtered or boiled, and should be given in a glass or cup, distributed throughout the day and between baby's meals.

Baby development

The 18-month-old baby likes to play with other children and usually walks alone, runs, can kick a ball, and goes up and down stairs without great difficulty. At this stage, the baby already has very good eyesight and points at what he wants.

Now the baby understands everything they say and can speak about 10 to 12 simple words, including “mommy”, “water” (water) and daddy. To help the baby speak other words, you can show an object and tell what it is called. For example, when you see a dog, point to the animal and say the name - “dog”, or even show other things in books and magazines such as “flower”, “tree” or “ball”.

At this stage, the child is very active and is always looking for games and, therefore, should not be left alone because he can open drawers to climb and reach the toy he wants, which can be dangerous.Likewise, it should not be left alone in the pool, bathtub or near a bucket of water.

As the baby already knows how to climb on sofas and chairs, it is also important that he stays away from windows, being interesting to put bars or protection screens to avoid accidents.

Baby toys and activities

Babies at 18 months like to play and discover their own body and the games promote joy, challenges to be overcome, in addition to helping to develop curiosity, confidence and creativity.

Some games to amuse and stimulate the baby's intellectual and motor development include imitation games, wheel games, imitating sounds and words, and puppet theater.

Simple nature play, such as picking up tree leaves from the ground, playing in the rain and mud, or playing with sticks, helps baby to be more creative, improve connection and respect for nature, as well as helping strengthening of the body's vision and defense systems.

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