General Practice 2022

When you startçintroduce food to the babyê (with recipes)

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When you startçintroduce food to the babyê (with recipes)
When you startçintroduce food to the babyê (with recipes)
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Introduction to food is the period when the baby stops eating only breast milk or infant formula, and starts eating other foods, such as fruits, cereals, tubers, vegetables, legumes and proteins.

According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, the introduction of food in the baby's diet should only happen after 6 months, as breast milk or infant formula provides all the nutrients that the baby needs until this age.

At 6 months, your baby should start eating a porridge made with fresh fruits, for morning and afternoon snacks, and a porridge made with cereals or tubers, vegetables, legumes and proteins, for lunch or dinner. See what foods to include in your baby's food introduction.

It is important that the food is offered separately on the plate, mashed with a fork or grated (in the case of some fruits), without using a mixer or blender, to help with the development of chewing and the recognition of different flavors and textures.

Why only start at 6 months

The Ministry of He alth and the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics advise that the introduction of food should only begin at 6 months of age because, until that age, breast milk or infant formula still offers all the nutrients that the baby needs.

Furthermore, from 6 months onwards, the baby has a greater need for nutrients, such as iron and zinc, and has a more developed swallowing reflex and the stomach is ready to receive different foods.

It is not recommended to introduce foods in the diet before 6 months, as this can increase the chances of intestinal infections or even cause food allergies or intolerances, as the immune system and digestion are still developing.

How to start food introduction

When starting to feed the baby, you should prioritize natural foods, such as:

  • Fresh fruit,such as papaya, banana, avocado, mango, orange or kiwi;
  • Fresh vegetables,such as tomato, chayote, pumpkin, okra, eggplant or carrot;
  • Pulses,such as beans, lentils, chickpeas, or peas;
  • Tubercles,such as cassava, potato, baroa potato, yam, yam or sweet potato;
  • Protein,such as eggs, fish, beef, chicken or tofu;
  • Grain,such as rice, pasta, corn, oatmeal, or quinoa.

In addition, it is also important to wash hands, food and utensils well during food preparation and before meals, to prevent food contamination and avoid illness.

Tips to make food introduction easier

It is recommended that the introduction of new foods be done in a quiet place, with good interaction between all family members, without television, cell phone or other distractions. Some precautions that can help at this time are:

  • Looking and talking to the baby during meals;
  • Offer food separately on the plate;
  • Do not leave the baby alone during feeding;
  • Offer food slowly and patiently;
  • Be aware of signs of hunger, such as when the baby cries and holds the hand of the person offering the food and opens his mouth;
  • Knowing how to recognize when the baby is full, how to turn his face or not open his mouth anymore to receive food;
  • Do not offer rewards, blackmail or punish the baby, to avoid having an aversion to food.

During the introduction of food, you can also encourage the baby to hold the cutlery little by little and let him take the food with his hands.This is one of the principles of BLW, a method that is widely used to help with food introduction and that allows the development of baby's motor coordination. Learn what it is and how to apply the BLW method in food introduction.

When starting to feed the baby, it is also important to start giving water, which should be filtered or boiled and offered in a glass or cup throughout the day. See the recommended amount of water according to the baby's age.

Check with our nutritionist for other tips to help introduce your child to food:

Foods to avoid

During food introduction, some foods should be avoided, such as soft drinks, industrialized products, sweets and chocolates. In addition, the addition of s alt or sugar in preparations also needs to be avoided, as they can contribute to the formation of inappropriate eating habits, favoring the onset of diseases such as diabetes or obesity.See which foods should not be offered to babies.

As the baby's digestive system is still developing, some foods, such as jellies and industrialized juices, for example, should also be avoided, as they can cause food allergies or intolerances. Learn how to identify food allergies in your baby.

Honey is also not recommended for babies under 2 years old, as it can contain the bacteria responsible for botulism, Clostridium botulinum, which causes a serious intestinal infection and can reach the nervous system, resulting in paralysis of the muscles., including breathing. See more about the risk of honey for babies.

S alt consumption is also not recommended, since the baby's organs are still developing, and s alt can overload the kidneys and cause complications for the baby.

Recipes for food introduction

Here are some simple and tasty recipes to start your baby's food introduction:

1. Chicken soup with carrots and rice

Chicken is an important source of protein for the baby's growth and development. In addition, carrots and rice are good sources of fiber, which are important for maintaining the proper functioning of the intestine and preventing constipation.

Ingredients:

  • 1 skinless chicken breast, cut into cubes;
  • 1 cup of rice tea;
  • 1 medium onion, chopped;
  • 2 cloves of minced garlic;
  • 2 medium carrots, diced;
  • 2 medium potatoes cut into cubes cut into cubes;
  • 2 small tomatoes, diced;
  • 100 grams of green beans, cut into cubes;
  • 2 kale leaves, cut into thin strips;
  • 1/2 tablespoon of olive oil;
  • 1 liter and ½ of filtered water;
  • 1 tablespoon of chopped parsley.

Preparation method:

In a pan, heat the oil and sauté the onion, garlic, green beans and carrots. Add the chicken breast and let it brown for another 5 to 10 minutes. Add the tomatoes, add the water, the potatoes, mix well and cook for another fifteen minutes. Add the rice, lower the heat and cook for 10 to 15 minutes. Add the cabbage leaves and cook for 5 minutes. Turn off the heat and sprinkle the parsley.

On a plate, place 1 tablespoon of chicken and shred it with a fork. Add 1 tablespoon of carrots to the cabbage and shred or mash. Add 1 tablespoon of rice and mash it with a fork. Add 1 tablespoon of the boiled potatoes and mash with a fork. Serve food separately on the plate for the baby.

2. Mango and banana baby food

Mango and banana are fruits rich in carbohydrates, providing energy for the formation of muscles and the development of motor coordination. In addition, they are rich in vitamins that strengthen the defense system, preventing diseases such as flu and colds.

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 banana;
  • ¼ short sleeve.

Preparation method:

Wash well and peel the mango and banana. Cut the banana in half and mash it with a fork on a plate. Then, chop and mash the mango with a fork, and place it on the plate along with the banana. Serve the fruits with a spoon and separately for the baby, to facilitate the recognition of the different flavors of the food.

Check out other baby food recipes according to your baby's age:

  • Poppies for babies at 6 months;
  • Food for babies at 7 months;
  • Baby food at 8 months.

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