Table of contents:
- Child weight
- Child's sleep
- Development of the 2-year-old
- 2 Year Crisis
- Child feeding
- Plays and activities for children
The 2-year-old starts to be more independent, running, wanting to climb furniture and stairs without help and being proud of the new achievements. In addition, the child may already have some skills, such as getting up and sitting down without help, speaking words that show the urge to evacuate or urinate, indicating that he can now learn to pee and poop in the toilet, or potty.
At 2 years old, the child is already able to form sentences with 2 to 4 words, but still does not know how to express feelings, desires and interests well, and may, therefore, have a more challenging behavior, not wanting to share toys with other children and doing what you were asked not to do, for example.
It is important to remember that the child's speech, sleep and play development is individualized. Therefore, if there are doubts about the child's development, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician.
The following table indicates the ideal weight range for children aged 2 years, as well as other important parameters such as height and head circumference, according to the World He alth Organization:
|9, 8 to 15.3 kg||9 to 14.9 kg|
|81, 8 to 94.9 cm||80 to 92.9 cm|
|46.9 to 49.5 cm||46.8 to 48.5 cm|
Monthly weight gain
|150 g||150 g|
If the child has values above or below these ranges, it is recommended to consult a pediatrician to assess the child's development.
Sleep is essential for the growth and development of a 2-year-old, who usually sleeps about 11 hours at night and between 1.5 and 2 hours in a nap during the day.
Some children may still wake up during the night, and parents or guardians are advised to check the diaper, temperature, or talk in a calm and low voice with the child until he calms down.Gradually the child will get used to sleeping alone and, if he wakes up during the night, he will learn to fall asleep alone. Here are some tips to help your child sleep well.
It is important to emphasize that it is not recommended to take the child to sleep in the parents' or guardians' bed, because this increases the risk of accidents, such as falls and suffocation, in addition to favoring the child's insecurity and dependence.
Development of the 2-year-old
The 2-year-old starts running, jumping with both feet, and climbing furniture and stairs unaided, taking pride in his new achievements.
At this stage, the child may also have some skills, such as walking, standing up and sitting down without help, knowing how to pull clothes up and down, and speak some words that show the urge to have a bowel movement or urinate, indicating that they can now learn to pee and poop in the toilet, or potty. Here's how to teach your child to use the potty.
The 2-year-old is already able to form sentences with 2 to 4 words, already knows people's names and body parts, understands simple guidelines, such as "take the shoes and put them in the drawer" and repeats a few words who listens in a conversation.
However, the child still does not know how to express feelings, desires and interests well, and may, therefore, have a more challenging behavior, saying a lot of "no", hiding toys not to lend to other children and doing what you were asked not to do, for example.
2 Year Crisis
The 2 year crisis is a change that can happen in the behavior of some children at this stage. This is because at the age of 2 the child begins to have a great desire for independence. However, at the same time, the child learns that there are some rules that must be followed.
This desire to discover the world around them, impeded by the rules imposed by adults, can generate frustration, leading the child to contradict the orders given by the parents or guardians, to throw tantrums and to pinch other children, for example.
Some suggestions to help parents, or guardians, at this stage of the child are:
- When the child is nervous, try to remain calm, directing the child's attention to another place, situation or person;
- Do not give in to the child's demands when he throws a tantrum, to prevent him from repeating this behavior again;
- Avoid giving long explanations about the reason for the child's misbehavior while he is nervous, as he may not understand and become more nervous;
- If you are on the street, take a deep breath, answer calmly and take the child to a more private place until he calms down;
- Praise whenever the child has a good behavior;
Understanding and respecting that this behavior is just a change the child is going through can help cultivate patience and calm to better deal with these situations.
A 2-year-old child already has all his teeth and, therefore, can eat the same meals as the family, having 6 meals a day, including 3 fruit porridge for breakfast and for breakfast and lunch afternoon, and 2 "s alty" porridge, made with vegetables, cereals, tubers, legumes and proteins, for lunch and dinner, as explained below:
- Breakfast: 1 serving of fresh fruit + breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk;
- Morning snack: 1 serving of fresh fruit + breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk;
- Lunch and dinner: 1 tablespoon of cereal, such as rice or pasta, or root vegetables, such as yams and sweet potatoes + 2 tablespoons of vegetables, such as chayote, squash and spinach + 2 tablespoons of legumes, such as beans + 1 tablespoon of protein, such as meat, fish, or egg;
- Afternoon snack: 1 serving of fresh fruit + breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk;
- Supper: breast milk, or 200 ml of whole cow's milk.
In addition, it is also important to avoid foods rich in fat and sugar, such as sweets, chocolates, ice cream and fried foods, which can contribute to the formation of inappropriate eating habits, favoring the emergence of diseases such as diabetes and obesity in childhood or adolescence.
The Brazilian Society of Pediatrics recommends offering 1.3 liters of water a day to children aged 2 years, considering the amount of water present in breast milk, cow's milk and pure water.
It is important that pure water is always filtered or boiled, and should be given in a glass or cup, distributed throughout the day and between meals.
Plays and activities for children
Plays are essential to stimulate the child's imagination, creativity and ability to interact and communicate. Some games and activities for 2 year olds are:
- Let the child play with spades, branches, pebbles, small pots and sieves, in the sand of a square, on the beach, or with plastic containers with clean sand. Sit close and teach the child to make different drawings in the sand, also using their feet, hands and fingers;
- Make a fitting game, drawing some geometric shapes, such as circle, triangle and square, on a sheet of paper and, on another sheet, draw the same shapes. Cut out and ask the child to fit the shapes in the right places.
Another activity suggested for 2-year-olds is reading books with simple stories and images to help stimulate memory, vision and hearing, being able to point to the pictures and ask the name of the animals or objects for the child.