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Parsley, also known as parsley, is a medicinal plant that has diuretic, antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, cytotoxic and nephroprotective properties, due to its main active components such as myristicin and apigenin (flavonoids), apiol, alpha-pinene and beta-pinene, in addition to containing vitamin C and carotenes.
For this reason, parsley can be used in the treatment of kidney diseases, such as urinary tract infections and kidney stones, and for high blood pressure, as it has diuretic properties.
The leaves, seeds and roots of parsley are used to prepare natural remedies, vitamins, teas and to season foods, and can be found in fresh or dehydrated form.
1. Fighting urinary tract infections
Parsley has antimicrobial and diuretic action and, therefore, helps prevent the onset of recurrent urinary infections.
2. Strengthens the immune system
Because it is rich in vitamin C, zinc and vitamin A and contains antimicrobial properties, parsley helps to increase the body's defenses and strengthen the immune system.
Some studies indicate that it helps fight some types of bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli, and viruses such as the Influenza virus, being an excellent option to fight the flu and cold.
3. Helps control diabetes
Consumption of parsley can help regulate blood sugar, in addition to protecting the liver in people with diabetes, as it has antioxidant action. In addition, due to the presence of flavonoids, it also helps to prevent the onset of diabetes, making it an excellent option for people suffering from pre-diabetes.
4. Improves blood pressure and fights fluid retention
Parsley is rich in potassium, a mineral that favors the excretion of sodium through the urine, in addition to having diuretic properties, which helps to lower blood pressure and combat fluid retention.
5. Preventing and fighting anemia
Since it is a plant rich in iron and folic acid, parsley helps prevent and fight anemia.
Iron is one of the constituents of red blood cells, which are the cells responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood, and folic acid is also necessary for the formation and development of these cells.
Furthermore, parsley also contains vitamin C, which favors the absorption of iron in the intestines.
6. Promotes he althy eyesight
Parsley is rich in carotenoids, mainly lutein and zeaxanthin, components that help maintain visual he alth and promote he althy vision.Some studies show that these compounds help prevent age-related macular degeneration, which is a disease that can cause blindness.
7. Take care of skin he alth
Parsley contains lutein, a type of carotenoid that has antioxidant action and helps to reduce oxidative damage to the upper layers of the skin, caused by the sun's ultraviolet rays, cigarette smoke and pollution, preventing premature aging.
Furthermore, parsley has vitamin C, which in addition to being a powerful antioxidant, also promotes collagen formation in the body, decreasing skin sagging and increasing its firmness and elasticity.
8. Preventing the appearance of kidney stones
Parsley helps to stimulate the elimination of liquids from the body, and a scientific study indicates that it could decrease urinary calcium excretion, increase urinary pH, have a nephroprotective effect and decrease urinary protein excretion, helping to prevent the formation of kidney stones.
9. Preventing cancer and chronic diseases
Parsley is rich in antioxidants, flavonoids and carotenoids, compounds that help fight the damage caused by free radicals to cells and prevent oxidative stress, which are linked to the development of cancer and chronic diseases.
Flavonoids are linked to a lower risk of developing colon cancer and obesity. Carotenoids, such as lutein, can inhibit the growth of breast cancer-related cancer cells, preventing their appearance. Vitamin C is linked to reduced risk of prostate cancer.
10. Prevent heart disease
Parsley is rich in folate, a B-complex vitamin that prevents the formation of atheromatous plaques, helping to maintain the he alth of blood vessels and preventing diseases such as atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke.
In addition, it also has vitamin K, which helps to improve the he alth of blood vessels, providing greater elasticity and preventing the accumulation of calcium, which can cause cardiovascular problems such as atherosclerosis.
11. Improves digestion
Some scientific studies indicate that parsley could be beneficial in the treatment of intestinal ulcers, as it apparently protects the gastric mucosa and inhibits gastric secretion. However, further studies are needed to prove this property.
12. Promotes bone he alth
Parsley is rich in vitamin K, which promotes bone formation due to the activity of osteoblasts. In addition, it is also responsible for activating some proteins that increase bone density and stimulate a greater fixation of calcium in bones and teeth, preventing osteoporosis.
The following table provides nutritional information for 100 g of fresh parsley:
|Nutritional composition||Fresh parsley (100g)|
|Carbohydrates||6, 33 g|
|Proteins||2, 97 g|
|Fat||0, 79 g|
|Fibers||3, 3 g|
|Iron||6, 2 mg|
|Zinc||1, 07 mg|
|Vitamin C||133 mg|
|Vitamin B1||0, 086 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0, 098 mg|
|Vitamin B3||1, 31 mg|
|Vitamin B6||0.09 mg|
|Vitamin A||421 mcg|
|Vitamin E||0, 75 mg|
|Vitamin K||1640 mcg|
|Hill||12, 8 mg|
How to consume
To use parsley in recipes, drain fresh parsley with firm, green leaves or pure dehydrated parsley, preferably organic, as this form provides more he alth benefits.
Parsley is quite versatile and can be used in juices, soups, smoothies, salads or to season foods such as seafood and fish, for example.
The best way to ensure that parsley lasts longer is to wash it before using it, as leaves that are damp in the fridge can darken faster. Another suggestion is to store the parsley in the fridge in a closed container. To make the leaves last longer, you can place a paper towel over the parsley to absorb moisture and keep the leaves fresh for longer.
Parsley tea can be used to help fight urinary infection, kidney stones, to control hypertension and fluid retention.
- 1 teaspoon dried parsley or 3 tablespoons fresh parsley;
- 250 mL of boiling water
Add the parsley in the boiling water, cover and let it rest for about 10 minutes. Then, strain and drink a maximum of 3 cups of tea per day. It is important to remember that parsley tea is contraindicated for pregnant women.
Green parsley juice
The green juice made with parsley is rich in antioxidants that help keep the skin young and he althy and that fight fluid retention, helping in weight loss diets.
- 1/2 cup parsley;
- 1 orange;
- 1/2 apple;
- 1/2 cucumber;
- 1 glass of coconut water.
Beat all ingredients in a blender and drink without adding sugar or straining.
Contraindications of parsley
Parsley should not be consumed by people with severe kidney problems, such as acute or chronic renal failure or nephrotic syndrome, for example, or who had surgery less than 1 month ago.
Furthermore, the tea or juice should not be taken by pregnant or breastfeeding women, as it is not known what effect they could have on the baby's development or breastfeeding.
Parsley contains high amounts of vitamin K and, therefore, could interact with anticoagulant drugs, such as warfarin, for example, it is important to consult a doctor before consuming it.
Parsley tea should also not be consumed by people who use diuretics, as it can cause a loss of minerals through urine above what is indicated.