General Practice 2022

Candidíase intestinal: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

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Candidíase intestinal: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment
Candidíase intestinal: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Intestinal candidiasis occurs when the immune system is weakened, favoring the exaggerated proliferation of fungi of the genus Candida sp., mainly the Candida albicans species, in the intestine, leading to the appearance of small whitish residues in the feces.

It is important that intestinal candidiasis is identified and treated quickly to prevent the fungus from reaching the bloodstream and spreading to other organs, causing complications.

Treatment is established by the general practitioner or gastroenterologist according to the severity of the disease and the person's immunological status, and the use of oral antifungal agents, such as Fluconazole, for example, is indicated.

Main symptoms

The symptoms of intestinal candidiasis are usually related to the disease that has led to a decrease in the immune system and an imbalance of the intestinal flora. However, it is possible to suspect intestinal candidiasis when small whitish residues are observed in the feces, which is indicative of excessive proliferation of the fungus.

When intestinal candidiasis affects the blood system, signs and symptoms may appear in other regions of the body, such as changes in the digestive system, nervous system and skin, for example.

How the diagnosis is made

The diagnosis of intestinal candidiasis is made through coproculture, which aims to identify microorganisms, in this case the Candida albicans fungus in the feces. Understand how coproculture is done.

Furthermore, it is recommended that a parasitological examination of feces be performed in order to rule out the possibility of the presence of intestinal parasites.

Causes of intestinal candidiasis

Intestinal candidiasis occurs when there is an imbalance in the intestinal flora as a result of changes in the immune system. Thus, the main factors that can favor the development of candidiasis in the intestine are:

  • Crohn's Disease;
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome;
  • Autoimmune diseases;
  • Chronic diseases such as cancer and AIDS, for example;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Poor feeding;
  • Stress.

In addition, the use of some medications, such as antibiotics, contraceptives and corticosteroids, can favor the occurrence of intestinal candidiasis, for example.

How to treat

Treatment for intestinal candidiasis is done through the intake of food supplements and medicines that strengthen immunity, since the proliferation of the fungus depends on the person's immune system.

Usually antifungal drugs are recommended in order to reduce the growth rate of the fungus, such as Fluconazole, whose dose and duration of use must be recommended by the doctor according to the person's age, severity of the disease and immune status.

Diet for intestinal candidiasis

Food recommendations for intestinal thrush include avoiding foods that contain simple sugar, fat, dairy products and yeast. In this way, the diet can contain whole-grain bread and pasta, fish, seafood, white and low-fat meat, which can help reduce symptoms.

The diet for intestinal candidiasis should be guided by a nutritionist or nutrologist, who should assess the degree of severity of candidiasis and recommend the most appropriate diet.

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