Intimate Life 2022

7 main sexually transmitted infectionsíç&otyloids (STDs)

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7 main sexually transmitted infectionsíç&otyloids (STDs)
7 main sexually transmitted infectionsíç&otyloids (STDs)
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Sexually transmitted infections, which were previously known as STDs, such as gonorrhea or AIDS, can arise when having sex without a condom, whether through intimate vaginal, anal or oral contact, affecting men and women equally of all ages.

The chances of catching a sexually transmitted infection are higher when, in addition to not using a condom, you have multiple partners or have relationships with unknown people.

Generally, these infections cause symptoms that affect the genitals, such as pain, redness, small sores, discharge, swelling, difficulty urinating or pain during sexual intercourse and, to identify the correct disease, it is necessary to go to the gynecologist or urologist, to carry out specific tests.

1. Chlamydia

Chlamydia can cause symptoms such as thick, yellowish discharge, redness of the genitals, pain in the pelvis and during intimate contact, but in many cases the disease causes no symptoms and the infection goes unnoticed.

The illness, which is caused by bacteria, can be caused by unprotected intimate contact or through sharing sex toys, for example.

How to treat: Usually, treatment is done with antibiotics such as Azithromycin or Doxycycline. Learn more about chlamydia.

2. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial disease, also known as hot flashes, which can occur in both men and women and is transmitted through unprotected intimate contact or sharing sex toys.

The bacteria can cause painful urination, yellowish pus-like discharge, vaginal bleeding outside of menstruation, abdominal pain, red balls in the mouth or pain during intimate contact, for example.

How to treat: the treatment should be done with the use of Ceftriaxone and Azithromycin, according to the doctor's recommendation, and, if not done, it can affect the joints and blood, which may endanger life.

3. HPV - Genital Warts

This infection is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which leads to the growth of lesions on the skin of Organs genitals of men or women that can be smooth or rough in texture, color that varies with skin tone and they do not cause pain but are contagious.

How to treat: Genital warts have no cure, as the HPV virus remains dormant in the body, but there is treatment with the application of ointments such as Aldara or Wartec on the warts. Crises can arise due to excessive alcohol consumption, high tiredness and stress, for example.

Learn how to make sitz baths to complement treatment for genital warts.

4. Genital herpes

Genital herpes is an easily transmitted disease, caused by the genital herpes virus and causes small red bumps on the skin very close to each other, containing a liquid rich in virus, yellowish in color and with redness around that causes itching, mainly affecting the thighs, anus and genitals. In addition, they can cause fever and pain when urinating and discharge in the case of women. Know all the symptoms that genital herpes can cause.

How to treat: treatment should be done with drugs such as Acyclovir, Valaciclovir or Famciclovir, helping to reduce the discomfort caused by the symptoms, as the infection has no cure and the symptoms can take up to 20 days to disappear. Learn about other natural strategies to complement the treatment for genital herpes.

5. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is caused by a parasite that causes symptoms such as a grayish or yellowish-green, foamy discharge with a strong, unpleasant odor, and it can also cause redness, intense itching and swelling of Organs genitals.Learn how to distinguish the symptoms of trichomoniasis in men and women.

The infection is uncommon and can also be transmitted by sharing wet towels, bathing or using a jacuzzi, and treatment is done with Metronidazole.

How to treat: usually the treatment of this infection is done with the use of antibiotics, such as Metronidazole or Tioconazole, for 5 to 7 days. If treatment is not done, there is a greater chance of developing other infections, having a premature birth or developing prostatitis.

6. Syphilis

Syphilis is a disease that causes sores and red spots on the hands and feet that do not bleed or cause pain, in addition to being able to cause blindness, paralysis and heart problems, and transmission also occurs by transfusion of contaminated blood and sharing syringes or needles, and the first symptoms appear 3 and 12 weeks after infection. See more symptoms of syphilis.

How to treat: treatment is done with drugs such as Penicillin G or erythromycin and, when done correctly, there is a chance of cure.

7. AIDS

AIDS causes symptoms such as fever, sweating, headache, sensitivity to light, sore throat, vomiting and diarrhea and the disease has no cure, only treatment to reduce symptoms and increase time and quality of life.

How to treat: treatment is done with antiretroviral drugs, such as Zidovudine or Lamivudine, for example, which are provided free of charge by the SUS. These drugs fight the virus and strengthen the immune system, but they do not cure the disease.

Learn all about this disease in the video:

How to know if I have an STI

The diagnosis of a sexually transmitted disease can be made based on the symptoms and observation of Organs genitals, being confirmed through exams, such as the Pap smear and Schiller's test, for example.In addition, the doctor may recommend a blood test to verify the cause of the disease and indicate the most appropriate treatment.

When you need to repeat exams

When a woman or a man has caught a sexually transmitted disease, the doctor recommends having a medical examination at least every 6 months for about 2 years, until the result of 3 tests in a row is negative.

During the treatment phase it may be necessary to go to the doctor several times a month to adjust the treatment and cure the disease, if possible.

Forms of contagion of STIs

STIs, in addition to being transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, can be transmitted:

  • From mother to child through blood during pregnancy, breastfeeding or childbirth;
  • Syringe sharing;
  • Sharing personal items such as towels;

In some very rare cases, the development of the disease can occur through blood transfusion.

How not to get an STI?

The best way to avoid getting contaminated is to use condoms in all intercourse, in intimate vaginal, anal and oral contact, as contact with secretions or skin can transmit the disease. However, it is essential to put on a condom correctly before any contact. Learn how:

What can happen if treatment is not done?

When STIs are not treated correctly, more serious problems can arise such as uterine cancer, infertility, heart problems, meningitis, miscarriage or fetal malformations, for example.

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