Intimate Life 2022

Horm&female circles: which s&activity, what are they for and exams

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Horm&female circles: which s&activity, what are they for and exams
Horm&female circles: which s&activity, what are they for and exams

The main female hormones are estrogen and progesterone, which are manufactured in the ovaries, come into activity in adolescence and undergo constant variations during a woman's daily life.

Some factors that change the amount of female hormones are the time of day, menstrual cycle, he alth status, menopause, use of certain medications, stress, emotional factors and pregnancy.

Female hormones have different functions:

1. Progesterone

Progesterone is a hormone that is responsible for regulating a woman's menstrual cycle and prepares the uterus to receive the fertilized egg, preventing it from being expelled by the body, which is why it is very important in the pregnancy process.Normally, progesterone levels increase after ovulation, and if there is a pregnancy, they remain high so that the walls of the uterus continue to develop. However, if there is no pregnancy, the ovaries stop producing progesterone, leading to the destruction of the lining of the uterus, which is shed through menstruation. Understand how the menstrual cycle works.

2. Estrogen

Like progesterone, estrogens are also responsible for regulating the hormonal cycle during childbearing years. During puberty, estrogens stimulate breast development and reproductive maturation, as well as growth, and alter the distribution of body fat in women, usually deposited around the hips, buttocks, and thighs.

3. Testosterone

Testosterone is a hormone that, although it is higher in men, is also found in women in smaller amounts. This hormone is produced in the ovaries, helping to promote muscle and bone growth.A woman may suspect that she has a lot of testosterone in her bloodstream when she has typically male symptoms such as the presence of hair on her face and a lower voice. Learn more about identifying and lowering testosterone in women.

What are the tests to measure hormones

Hormonal changes can jeopardize he alth, and can even prevent the development of the egg and ovulation and prevent pregnancy, so it is important to consult the gynecologist regularly and, if necessary, carry out some tests:

Blood tests: consists of the evaluation of various hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, TSH, which is a hormone produced in the thyroid and that influences the menstrual cycle, LH and FSH, which are hormones related to the functioning of the ovaries. See the values ​​and how to understand high or low FSH.

Pelvic ultrasound: consists of observing some abnormality in Organs reproductive organs, especially in the uterus and ovaries;

For each exam, specific preparation may be necessary, so you should speak with the doctor at the time of the appointment, to find out if it is necessary to take the exam at a specific time of the menstrual cycle or on an empty stomach, for example.

Pregnancy hormones

During pregnancy, the decrease in hormones, which usually happens at the end of the menstrual cycle, does not happen and therefore the menstrual period does not occur. A new hormone, HCG, is then produced, which stimulates the ovaries to produce higher levels of estrogen and progesterone, which are needed to maintain pregnancy. For this reason, most pregnancy tests are based on the detection of this hormone in the urine. Learn more about how this type of test works.

After the fourth month of pregnancy, the placenta is responsible for producing most of the estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the lining of the uterus to thicken, increase the volume of circulating blood, and relax the muscles in the uterus enough to make room for the baby to develop.

Toward the time of delivery, other hormones are produced that help the uterus contract during and after labor, as well as stimulate the production and release of breast milk.

Menopausal hormones

Menopause happens when menstrual cycles stop, around age 50. It is a natural process that occurs due to the decrease in the production of hormones, which can cause symptoms such as sleep disorders, fatigue, vaginal dryness, mood swings, weight change, among others.

After menopause, the risk of developing certain diseases increases, such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis or urinary incontinence, and it is important to understand the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy, which can improve symptoms and prevent diseases.

Menopause does not require treatment, but if symptoms cause a lot of discomfort, your doctor may recommend:

  • Hormone replacement therapy: most effective treatment to relieve menopausal symptoms, such as Femoston. Learn more about this treatment.
  • Vaginal Estrogen: helps reduce vaginal dryness and can be administered locally into the vagina with a cream, pill or ring. With this treatment, a small amount of estrogen is released, which is absorbed by the vaginal tissue, which can relieve vaginal dryness and some urinary symptoms.
  • Low-dose antidepressants, such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors: reduce menopausal hot flashes and sudden mood swings;
  • Gabapentin: reduce hot flashes. This remedy is useful in women who cannot use estrogen therapy and in those who also have nighttime hot flashes;
  • Medicines to prevent or treat osteoporosis, such as vitamin D or supplements that help strengthen bones.

You can also opt for natural hormone replacement, such as through food supplements such as soy lectin or soy isoflavone, or even with herbal teas such as St. -chastity. Here are some tips from our nutritionist to alleviate these symptoms:

Effect of female hormones on men

Men normally produce estrogen and progesterone, but in very low amounts, the prevalent hormone being testosterone, which is what guarantees masculine characteristics.

If the man starts using a female contraceptive, for example, which contains high concentrations of estrogen and progesterone, it is normal to happen:

  • Decreased production of testosterone;
  • Decreased sperm production;
  • Gradual breast enlargement;
  • Reduced testicle and penis size;
  • Sexual impotence;
  • Accumulation of fat in the hips, thighs and buttocks;
  • Decreased muscle mass, weight gain and difficulty losing weight;
  • Slower hair growth.

In addition, the continued use of female hormones by men can increase the chances of osteoporosis and increase in cholesterol, favoring atherosclerosis, for example, therefore, monitoring by an endocrinologist is important.

Despite promoting the appearance of several feminine characteristics, some masculine characteristics may still persist, such as Adam's apple, vocal timbre and bone structure.

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