General Practice 2022

Which remedies are used to treat uterine fibroids

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Which remedies are used to treat uterine fibroids
Which remedies are used to treat uterine fibroids

Medicines to treat uterine fibroids target hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, which treat symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pressure and pain, and while they don't eliminate fibroids completely, they can decrease its size.

In addition, medications are also used to reduce bleeding, others to help relieve pain and discomfort, and supplements to prevent the development of anemia, but none of these medications reduce the size of fibroids.

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that form in the muscle tissue of the uterus. Its location in the uterus can vary, as does its size, which can be from microscopic to as large as a melon.Fibroids are very common and although some are asymptomatic, others can cause cramping, bleeding or difficulty getting pregnant. Learn more about this disease.

The most used drugs for the treatment of fibroids are:

1. Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Agonists

These drugs treat fibroids by inhibiting the production of estrogen and progesterone, which makes menstruation not occur, the size of fibroids decreases and in people who also suffer from anemia, improve this problem. However, they should not be used for a long time as they can make bones more fragile.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists may also be prescribed to reduce the size of fibroids before surgery to remove them.

2. Progestogen-releasing intrauterine device

The progestogen-releasing intrauterine device can relieve heavy bleeding caused by fibroids, however, these devices only relieve symptoms, but do not eliminate or reduce the size of fibroids.In addition, they also have the advantage of preventing pregnancy and can be used as a contraceptive. Learn all about the Mirena intrauterine device.

3. Tranexamic acid

This remedy is only intended to reduce the amount of bleeding caused by fibroids and should only be used on days of heavy bleeding. See other uses of tranexamic acid and the most common side effects.

4. Contraceptives

The doctor may also advise taking a contraceptive, which, although it does not treat the fibroid or reduce its size, can help control bleeding. Learn how to take the contraceptive.

5. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or diclofenac, for example, can be effective in relieving pain caused by fibroids, however, these drugs do not have the ability to reduce bleeding.

6. Vitamin supplements

Due to the excessive bleeding that is usually caused by the presence of fibroids, it is very common for people with this condition to also suffer from anemia. Thus, the doctor may recommend taking supplements that contain iron and vitamin B12.

Learn about other ways to treat fibroids without medication.

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