General Practice 2022

How is menstruationç&athility in menopause?

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How is menstruationç&athility in menopause?
How is menstruationç&athility in menopause?

When a woman begins to enter menopause, her menstrual cycle is greatly altered due to the sudden and constant hormonal changes that occur at this stage of a woman's life.

This transition, which takes place between the reproductive phase and menopause, is known as climacteric and is characterized by several changes in menstrual bleeding, which tends to become less irregular. For this reason, it is common for menstruation to fail for a few months, with cases in which it takes more than 60 days to return.

Normally women only enter menopause when they complete 12 consecutive months without menstruation, but until that happens, it is important that they are followed up by a gynecologist, who will be able to indicate what to do to combat other common climacteric symptoms, such as hot flashes, insomnia or irritability.See everything you can do to combat the first symptoms of menopause.

Main changes in menstruation in the climacteric

Some common changes in the menstrual cycle during climacteric are:

1. Menstruation in small amount

As menopause approaches, menstruation may come for more days, but with less bleeding, or longer and with heavy bleeding. Some women may also have short menstrual cycles, with a lot or a little bleeding.

These alterations occur due to the low production of estrogen and progesterone, as well as the lack of ovulation in women, being natural and expected to happen around 50 years of age.

2. Menstruation with clots

During the climacteric, the appearance of small blood clots in menstruation is normal, however, if there are many blood clots in menstruation, you should go to the gynecologist, because this can be a sign of uterine polyps or even cancer.Vaginal discharge accompanied by small traces of blood can also occur between 2 menstrual periods, but also requires medical consultation.

3. Late period

Delayed menstruation is a common occurrence in climacteric, but it can also happen if a woman becomes pregnant at this stage. Therefore, it is best to carry out a pregnancy test, if you have not had a tubal ligation and it is still possible to get pregnant.

Many women get pregnant during the climacteric because they think their body is not capable of browning eggs and so they stop using contraceptive methods and the pregnancy ends up happening. Although late pregnancy is riskier, most of the time there are no complications. Learn more at: Is it possible to get pregnant during menopause?

To be sure that she is entering menopause, a woman can go to the gynecologist and perform tests that can evaluate hormonal variations and how her uterus and endometrium are doing, making sure that there are no he alth problems leading to onset of symptoms such as prolonged menstruation or absence of menstruation.

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