General Practice 2022

11 menopause symptoms and how to relieve them (with online test)

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11 menopause symptoms and how to relieve them (with online test)
11 menopause symptoms and how to relieve them (with online test)
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Menopause symptoms such as irregular menstruation, hot flashes or night sweats usually appear gradually a few months before a woman enters this phase. This happens due to estrogen levels that decrease over time, causing several changes in the woman's body.

These symptoms can vary in intensity from one woman to another and usually appear between the ages of 45 and 51, but can also occur before or after this age group. Therefore, whenever menopause is suspected, it is important to consult the gynecologist to confirm the diagnosis.

If menopause is confirmed, the doctor may recommend treatment with hormone replacement therapy and lifestyle changes to relieve symptoms and improve the woman's quality of life.

Menopause Symptoms Online Test

If you think you have or may be entering menopause, check the symptoms in the following test:

  1. 1.Irregular menstruation Yes No
  2. 2.No period for 12 consecutive months Yes No
  3. 3.Hot flashes that start suddenly and for no apparent reason Yes No
  4. 4.Intense night sweats that can interrupt sleep Yes No
  5. 5.Frequent fatigue Yes No
  6. 6.Mood changes such as irritability, anxiety or sadness Yes No
  7. 7.Difficulty sleeping or poor sleep quality Yes No
  8. 8.Vaginal dryness Yes No
  9. 9.Hair loss Yes No
  10. 10.Decreased libido Yes No

Result:

Make an appointment with a specialist

The main symptoms that indicate that a woman is entering menopause and that can also appear after menopause are:

1. Irregular menstruation

One of the first signs that a woman may be entering menopause is irregular menstruation, which may come more or less frequently, be more or less abundant, or last more or less days than before.

This period when menstruation becomes irregular is called perimenopause and is a transitional phase between reproductive and non-reproductive life, which occurs before a woman enters menopause and can last a few months or years.

It is important to note that when your period is irregular, it is more difficult to get pregnant, but it is still possible. Therefore, for women who wish to avoid pregnancy, it is necessary to use a contraceptive method indicated by the gynecologist.

2. Hot flashes

Hot flashes, popularly known as hot flashes, can occur in some women in the period before entering menopause, and can appear even before menstruation becomes irregular, and last for a few years, even after being in menopause. menopause. This symptom can make a woman feel hot suddenly and for no apparent reason, usually in her face, neck, or chest, which can make her skin red and sweaty, and her heart beating faster, for 1 to 5 minutes. However, despite being a common symptom that a woman may be entering menopause, not all women experience this symptom.

If the woman has hot flashes, but is not sure if it is related to menopause, she should consult the gynecologist, as there are other medical conditions, such as hyperthyroidism or hypogonadism, and even the use of medication, which can cause hot flashes. Check out other causes of hot flashes.

3. Night sweats

Night sweats are hot flashes that happen during sleep and can be so intense that they can interrupt sleep. This symptom can vary a lot from woman to woman, and some can present night sweats even before entering menopause and continue after menopause or never present this symptom.

Besides menopause, other causes of night sweats can be stress or anxiety, diabetes, or even the temperature of the room you sleep in. See other causes of night sweats.

4. Difficulty sleeping or insomnia

Waking up during the night, having trouble sleeping, or insomnia can happen for a variety of reasons, but if a woman normally doesn't have trouble sleeping, it could be a sign that menopause is approaching. In addition, women can also have poorer quality and less restful sleep, making them feel more tired or irritable during the day.

5. Mood swings

Another symptom that may indicate that menopause is approaching are mood swings such as irritability, anxiety, excessive tiredness and bad mood, which can even cause a feeling of being out of control. These changes can occur because of the hormonal changes of menopause and increase the risk of developing depression.

In case a woman feels depressed or has frequent mood swings for more than two or three weeks, it is important to consult the gynecologist to confirm if it is the menopause or if there may be another cause that needs more appropriate treatment.

6. Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness is a symptom that can arise in some women, due to a decrease in the production of estrogen by the ovaries, which causes a change in the lining of the vaginal canal and a decrease in the production of mucus that keeps the vagina moist.

This symptom can cause pain or discomfort during intercourse, itching in and around the vagina, or an urge to urinate frequently.

7. Decreased sexual desire

The decrease in sexual desire can occur for several reasons in a woman's life such as stress or fatigue, but it is also a symptom that may indicate that she may be entering menopause, as the hormonal changes of this phase of a woman's life, may reduce interest in intimate contact.

8. Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence can occur at menopause, as the reduction in estrogen also affects the lining of the urethra, which is the channel through which urine is eliminated, making it thinner, less flexible and less elastic, which can cause persistent and involuntary leakage of urine.

In addition, due to changes in the urethra, women may have urinary infections more frequently during menopause, and it is important to consult the gynecologist if you have symptoms of pain or burning when urinating, or constant low-grade fever.

9. Poor memory

Poor memory, difficulty in learning, remembering words or remembering names and places where you kept objects, for example, can occur because at menopause the ovaries do not produce estrogen, which is an important hormone for concentration, learning and memory of the woman.

Furthermore, the woman may have organizational or planning problems due to this hormonal change.

However, there are other causes for poor memory that can occur due to natural aging such as Alzheimer's disease, for example, and that's why it's important to consult the gynecologist to confirm if this symptom is indicative of menopause.

10. Dry skin

Another common symptom that may indicate that a woman is entering menopause is the skin becoming drier, thinner, more flaccid or dull, and this is because estrogen is essential for the production of collagen that leaves the skin more moist, hydrated and firm.In addition, at menopause, women can also experience hair loss.

11. Body weight gain

In menopause, a woman can increase her body weight, as there is a decrease in metabolism and, consequently, in the burning of calories, due to the reduction of estrogen levels, which can make the woman gain weight more easily, in addition to having fat accumulation around the waist.

However, other conditions such as hypothyroidism can also increase body weight, requiring medical evaluation.

How to confirm the diagnosis

The diagnosis of menopause is made by the gynecologist based on the symptoms that the woman presents and the absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months. In addition, the doctor may also order a test that checks the levels of the hormone FSH, estrogen and progesterone in the blood, to confirm that the woman is in menopause.See the main tests to identify menopause.

How to relieve symptoms

Many symptoms associated with menopause are temporary, but there are some tips that can help alleviate, reduce, or prevent their effects:

  • Dressing in layers of clothes and taking them off or on as hot flashes or night sweats appear;
  • Try to identify what causes hot flashes, as for some women, triggers can include hot drinks, caffeine, spicy foods, alcohol, stress, hot weather, and even even a warm room;
  • Avoid beverages that contain caffeine such as coffee, black tea or green tea, for example, as they can make sleep difficult or cause insomnia, especially if taken at night;
  • Do Kegel exercises daily to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles and improve urinary incontinence. Here's how to do Kegel exercises correctly.
  • Using a doctor-recommended water-based vaginal lubricant to help reduce the discomfort of vaginal dryness, especially during intercourse that can cause pain or discomfort;
  • Avoid smoking, as smoking can increase hot flashes and cause early menopause.
  • Try relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga or massage as they can reduce mood swings, stress and anxiety. Check out the main relaxation techniques;
  • Practice physical activity regularly because it helps release endorphins that increase feelings of well-being and pleasure, which can help improve mood or depression.

It is always important to consult the gynecologist when presenting possible symptoms of menopause to make an evaluation, confirm the diagnosis and, if necessary, start treatment with hormone replacement. Learn how hormone replacement therapy is performed.

Furthermore, it is important to eat a he althy diet including fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains, avoiding canned or processed foods and sugar, to help alleviate menopausal symptoms and control body weight.

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