There are some remedies that can help regulate menstruation, such as contraceptives or medications to regulate the thyroid, which allow you to control the levels of hormones in the body that, when unregulated, can interfere with the menstrual cycle, delaying or causing bleeding outside the menstrual period.
In addition, other medicines, such as tranexamic acid or ibuprofen, can also be used, as they allow to reduce the symptoms and discomforts of irregular menstruation, such as heavy bleeding or pain during the menstrual period, caused by conditions such as fibroids or polycystic ovary syndrome.
The treatment of irregular menstruation should always be guided by the gynecologist, who will indicate the best medicine to regulate menstruation, according to the cause, individually.
Some of the most used remedies to regulate irregular menstrual cycle are:
Oral contraceptives, in addition to being used to prevent pregnancy, are the most used remedies to regulate the menstrual cycle, being effective in the treatment of uterine fibroids, as they help to relieve the intensity of menstruation and reduce the size fibroids, and also reduces symptoms caused by endometriosis, such as heavy menstruation or pelvic pain that worsens during menstruation.
In addition, contraceptives can also be used to regulate the menstrual cycle in cases of polycystic ovary syndrome or uterine adenomyosis, especially when accompanied by heavy bleeding. Understand what polycystic ovary syndrome is and all the treatment options.
There are cases in which, even with the use of contraceptives, menstruation remains irregular, and it is important to consult the gynecologist, who may recommend changing the type of contraceptive. See other causes of bleeding outside of your period.
Medroxyprogesterone is a hormonal drug that helps regulate menstruation in cases of absence of 3 or more menstrual cycles, caused by polycystic ovary syndrome or hyperprolactinemia, for example.
Also, this remedy can be helpful in decreasing heavy menstrual bleeding caused by hormonal imbalances, helping to regulate menstruation.
3. Medicines to regulate the thyroid
In some cases, irregular menstruation can be caused by hypothyroidism, which is a disease characterized by low thyroid activity, which produces less hormones than what is needed for the proper functioning of the body.
In these cases, treatment consists of the use of drugs that regulate thyroid hormones, such as levothyroxine, for example. Learn how to use levothyroxine and the most common side effects.
4. Tranexamic acid
Tranexamic acid is a drug that does not act directly on the cause of irregular menstruation, but helps to control excessive bleeding during menstruation, as it ensures greater stability of the blood clot, and is therefore widely used in the treatment of episodes bleeding in women with irregular menstruation. Learn more about tranexamic acid, how to use it, and side effects.
Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ketoprofen, naproxen or ibuprofen, can also be indicated in some diseases that make the menstrual cycle irregular, such as fibroids. While they do not treat the cause of irregular menstruation, they do help to reduce symptoms, especially heavy menstrual cramps and excessive bleeding.
These drugs can also be used to treat uterine adenomyosis as they reduce inflammation of the uterus and relieve menstrual cramps. Find out what adenomyosis is and what the most common symptoms are.
6. Hormone replacement therapy
Hormone replacement therapy can be another treatment indicated by the gynecologist, especially in the perimenopause period, which is the transition phase between reproductive and non-reproductive life, in which the woman may have irregular menstruation, due to to the normal hormonal changes of this phase.
This type of treatment uses drugs that restore hormone levels, such as estrogen and progesterone, which are decreased in perimenopause, relieving common symptoms such as irregular menstruation, hot flashes and night sweats, for example.
Hormone replacement therapy should always be guided by a gynecologist or endocrinologist, as it is not indicated for all women and should be avoided mainly by women with a history of breast or endometrial cancer. See in which situations hormone replacement therapy is indicated.