General Practice 2022

When doing hot or cold compress

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When doing hot or cold compress
When doing hot or cold compress

Cold compresses decrease blood flow to the place where it is applied, help to deflate, and have an analgesic effect that starts after 5 minutes of use, and can be used up to 48 hours after injection, in case of pain from tooth, blow, sprain, knee pain and falls. On the other hand, hot compresses promote the dilation of blood vessels and decrease muscle tension, promoting relaxation, and can be used when there is pain in the spine, purple spots on the skin, pimples, boils and torticollis, for example.

The compress is an absorbent material that can be used to apply cold or heat to a region of the body, and it can also be used to apply some medicine, poultice or cover a wound, and can be made of cotton, cloth or with gel.

When doing hot compress

The warm or hot compress promotes increased local blood flow, increases mobility and promotes relaxation, and can be done in some situations, such as:

  • Muscle pain;
  • Hematomas;
  • Boil and stye;
  • Torticollis;
  • Before physical activity.

The hot or warm compress can be placed on the back, chest or anywhere on the body that needs to increase blood flow, however it is not recommended to do it when you have a fever, for example, because there may be an increase in body temperature.

The warm compress can be used 3 to 4 times a day, for 15 to 20 minutes, but it must always be wrapped in a cloth diaper or other thin fabric, so that the skin is not burned.

How to make a hot compress at home

To make a hot compress at home, just use a pillowcase and 1 kg of dry grains, such as rice or beans, for example. Place the grains inside the pillowcase, tie well to form a bundle, heat in the microwave for about 3 to 5 minutes, let it cool down and apply to the painful area for 15 to 20 minutes.

If even when using ice or hot water the pain does not decrease or the symptoms worsen, you should go to the doctor for tests to be carried out that can identify the cause of the pain and, thus, treatment may be indicated specific.

When doing cold compress

Cold compresses with ice promote a decrease in blood flow in the region, reducing inflammation and pain, in addition to preventing the appearance of bruises. Thus, this type of compress is indicated for:

  • After bumps, falls or twists;
  • After getting an injection or vaccine;
  • In toothache;
  • In tendinitis;
  • After physical activity.

To make a cold compress at home, simply wrap a bag of frozen vegetables, for example, in a towel or cloth and apply to the painful area for 15 to 20 minutes.

Another possibility is to mix 1 part of alcohol with 2 parts of water and put it in a ziploc bag and leave it in the freezer. The contents must not be completely frozen and can be molded as needed. The usage is the same.

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