Gastrointestinal Disorders 2022

Causes of rectal prolapse in adults

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Causes of rectal prolapse in adults
Causes of rectal prolapse in adults

Retal prolapse in adults is mainly due to weakening of the muscles that hold the rectum, which can be due to aging, constipation, excessive force to evacuate and intestinal infections, for example.

Treatment is carried out according to the cause of the prolapse, and the doctor is usually recommended to increase fiber consumption and water intake, for example, to favor the natural return of the rectum.

Causes of rectal prolapse

Adult rectal prolapse occurs more often in women over 60 years old due to weakening of the muscles and ligaments that support the rectum. The main causes of rectal prolapse in adults are:

  • Aging;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Cystic Fibrosis;
  • Constipation;
  • Multiple Sclerosis;
  • Prostate enlargement;
  • Excessive weight loss;
  • Intestinal malformation;
  • Lack of fixation of the rectum;
  • Neurological alterations;
  • Pelvic-lumbar trauma;
  • Excessive effort to evacuate;
  • Intestinal infections such as amoebiasis or schistosomiasis.

The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is made by the general practitioner or coloproctologist by observing the region, and it is possible to identify the presence of red tissue outside the anus. In addition, the diagnosis should be based on the symptoms described by the patient, such as abdominal pain, cramps, blood and mucus in the stool, and a feeling of pressure and heaviness in the rectum, for example.Learn how to identify symptoms of rectal prolapse in adults.

How to treat

Treatment for rectal prolapse is based on the cause. When rectal prolapse is caused by excessive force to evacuate and constipation, treatment includes compression of the buttocks, increased consumption of fiber in the diet and intake of 2 liters of water a day, for example, to promote digestion. rectum entry.

In cases where the rectal prolapse is not caused by constipation or straining to have a bowel movement, surgery to extract part of the rectum or fix it may be a solution. Understand how the treatment for rectal prolapse is done.

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