Skin Diseases 2022

Molluscus contagiosum: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

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Molluscus contagiosum: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment
Molluscus contagiosum: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

Molluscum contagiosum is an infectious disease, caused by the poxvirus virus, which affects the skin and leads to the appearance of small, painless, skin-colored blisters on any part of the body, with the exception of the palms of the hands and soles. feet.

This infection usually disappears on its own, however it is important that the dermatologist is consulted so that the most appropriate treatment can be indicated to treat the blisters and reduce the risk of transmission to other people, as the virus can be transmitted through direct contact with the bubbles or through the sharing of intimate objects.

Main symptoms

Symptoms of molluscum contagiosum usually appear between 2 and 7 weeks after contact with the virus responsible for molluscum contagiosum, being mainly noticed the appearance of blisters on the skin with the following characteristics:

  • Small, with a diameter between 2 mm and 5 mm;
  • Have a darker dot in the center;
  • Can appear anywhere on the body, except on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet;
  • Don't itch;
  • Can be isolated or grouped, in the form of a line;
  • Usually pearly and skin-colored, but can be red and inflamed.

It is important that the doctor is consulted in the presence of signs and symptoms of molluscum contagiosum, so that the most appropriate treatment can be indicated to prevent transmission of the virus to other people.

Cause of molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is an infectious disease caused by the poxvirus that can be transmitted from person to person through direct contact with active lesions or objects contaminated with the virus. In addition, molluscum contagiosum lesions can arise when the infected person scratches the lesions they have, which causes the virus to spread through the skin, resulting in the development of new lesions.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for molluscum contagiosum should be guided by a dermatologist or a pediatrician, in the case of children, since in many cases no type of treatment is necessary for the cure. This is because the body is able to fight the virus responsible for the disease, however this natural recovery can last between months and years. In this way, the doctor can indicate the performance of the treatment for aesthetic purposes and to prevent the transmission and the appearance of more lesions.

Treatment may vary according to the person's age, number and size of the lesions and the place where they appear, and the following treatments may be indicated by the doctor:

  • Ointments: with trichloroacetic acid, combination of salicylic acid and lactic acid or potassium hydroxide;
  • Cryotherapy: applying cold to the blisters, freezing and removing them;
  • Curettage: the doctor removes the blisters with a scalpel-like utensil;
  • Laser: destroys bubble cells, helping to reduce their size.

It is important that during treatment the person with molluscum contagiosum avoids close contact with other people, does not share personal and intimate objects and avoids having unprotected sex, thus, it is possible to prevent the transmission of poxvirus.

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