General Practice 2022

Respiratory allergyória: main symptoms, causes and what to do

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Respiratory allergyória: main symptoms, causes and what to do
Respiratory allergyória: main symptoms, causes and what to do

Respiratory allergy corresponds to an exaggerated response of the immune system to substances such as dust, pollen, animal hair or fungi, for example, causing exacerbation of respiratory diseases such as rhinitis, asthma or sinusitis.

Generally, respiratory allergy is more common in people with a genetic predisposition or who have a greater sensitivity of the immune system to the substances responsible for the allergy. Symptoms are more common in spring or autumn, due to the decrease in humidity and the increase in the concentration of these substances in the air.

To treat respiratory allergy correctly, the allergist must study the cause and indicate the use of specific remedies for the problem, in addition to other care that facilitate recovery, such as avoiding going to very polluted places and drinking plenty of water during the day. the day.

Main symptoms

The most common symptom of respiratory allergy is the appearance of frequent sneezing, but other symptoms are also common, such as:

  • Dry cough;
  • Runry nose;
  • Itchy eyes, nose or throat;
  • Headache;
  • Eyes watering.

Symptoms may appear separately and there is usually no fever. In babies the symptoms are the same, however it is important that the baby is evaluated by a pediatrician so that the appropriate treatment can be started.

Respiratory allergy in pregnancy

Respiratory allergy in pregnancy is very common and occurs mainly due to hormonal changes, increased blood volume and bodily changes that the pregnant woman experiences during pregnancy.

If the pregnant woman suffers from a respiratory disease, such as asthma, it is important that, before pregnancy, she consults an allergist to start the appropriate treatment and avoid the worsening of symptoms.

Respiratory allergy in pregnancy can be treated with the use of anti-allergy medicines that are safe, and that should always be guided by a doctor.

How to confirm the diagnosis

The diagnosis of respiratory allergy is made by the general practitioner or allergist based on the signs and symptoms presented by the person. However, allergy tests can also be performed, which are carried out in the doctor's office, to confirm the allergy and to know which agent is responsible.

Performing the allergy test often helps to identify the possible cause of respiratory allergy, allowing the person to more effectively avoid new attacks. Understand how allergy testing is done.

Possible causes of allergy

Respiratory allergy is caused by factors that can irritate the nasal mucosa and trigger the immune system response, leading to the emergence of characteristic symptoms.

Thus, the occurrence of this type of allergy may be due to the presence of mites that accumulate in dust, blankets, rugs and curtains, in addition to being triggered by pollen from trees and plants, pollution, smoke and hair pets, for example.

In addition, some situations can increase the risk of developing respiratory allergies, such as having a family history of allergies, working in a place with a lot of dust, very exposed to mold, living in a house with high humidity or low humidity. ventilation.

What to do to relieve symptoms

The use of antiallergic, prescribed by the general practitioner or allergist, reduces the symptoms of respiratory allergy, but there are also other measures that include:

  • Drink at least 1 liter of water a day;
  • Avoid smoking or going to places with smoke or pollution;
  • Renew the air in the house every day, opening the windows;
  • Keep the house clean and vacuumed, to avoid dust accumulation;
  • Use preferably a vacuum cleaner with a water filter;
  • Avoid rugs, carpets and cloth curtains, especially in the bedroom;
  • Keep pets out of the bedroom.

In addition to these tips, people can prevent respiratory allergies by using anti-mite fabrics and materials to cover pillows, mattresses and sofas, for example. Check out some natural options to relieve respiratory allergy.

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