General Practice 2022

Ozone therapy: what é, what it is for and how é done

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Ozone therapy: what é, what it is for and how é done
Ozone therapy: what é, what it is for and how é done
Anonim

Ozone therapy is a medical therapy that consists of administering ozone in the body, which is a gas composed of 3 oxygen atoms (O3), as it helps to improve the tissue oxygenation, to increase the immune system's response to infectious diseases such as infected wounds or HIV, and to help relieve chronic pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis or fibromyalgia, for example.

Ozone administration should always be performed by a he althcare professional, such as a doctor or nurse, and can be applied by direct injection into the muscle, between the vertebrae or joints, in addition to rectal, nasal, vaginal or oral insufflation. In addition, ozone therapy can be performed through auto-hemotransfusion, in which blood is taken from the person, ozone is added to that blood, and then the ozonized blood is transfused.

Although it is a safe therapy with few side effects, ozone therapy is indicated only as an alternative treatment to help fight chronic diseases, and does not replace conventional medical treatment.

What is it for

Ozone therapy works by increasing the amount of oxygen in the tissues and stopping unhe althy processes in the body, such as the growth of pathogenic bacteria if there is an infection, or preventing some oxidative processes, so it can be used to help many he alth problems:

1. Breathing problems

Ozone therapy can be used to help treat respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis or COPD, for example, as it promotes the entry of more oxygen into the blood and body tissues, reducing stress on the lungs and helping to relieve symptoms such as shortness of breath, for example.

Some studies show that the application of ozone in the vein or the injection of ozone mixed with blood made through auto-hemotransfusion, can help to improve the quality of life and the ability to perform physical activities in people with COPD.

Although the use of ozone therapy can have benefits for respiratory problems, ozone is also considered an air pollutant and should not be inhaled or used in air purifiers, as it can irritate or damage the lungs and worsen diseases breathing.

2. Autoimmune diseases

Ozone therapy can bring benefits to people with weakened immune systems and help in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, or myasthenia gravis, for example, as ozone improves blood circulation, activates antioxidant enzymes and reduces cell damage caused by free radicals.

In this way, ozone therapy stimulates and strengthens the immune system, improving signaling between cells during the triggering of immune responses, which helps in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. See other ways to boost immunity.

3. Treatment of HIV infection

A study has shown that ozone therapy, particularly when done through auto-blood transfusion, can help reduce viral load in people with HIV, which means less virus is present in the body, which can help improve he alth long term.

This is because ozone has antimicrobial action and helps to improve the action of the immune system, which may be a complementary treatment option for HIV infection.

It is important to point out that ozone therapy can be used to assist in the treatment of HIV infection, and does not treat or cure the virus infection, not replacing conventional medical treatment. See how HIV infection is treated.

4. Cancer treatment

Some studies show that ozone therapy can help in the treatment of cancer, by reducing the side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy such as excessive tiredness, nausea, vomiting, mucositis or hair loss, for example, improving well-being being physically and mentally and resulting in a better quality of life.

In addition, ozone therapy can help improve the effectiveness of colon cancer treatment by inhibiting cytokines, substances responsible for stimulating the growth of cancer cells and causing resistance to chemotherapy.

However, further studies are still needed for the use of ozone therapy as an auxiliary treatment in the fight against cancer.

5. Treatment of infections

Ozone therapy can also be used to help treat infected wounds or infectious skin diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites, such as herpes zoster, abscesses or chilblains, for example, as ozone can inhibit the cell growth and increase immune system activation to fight infections.

Some studies show that ozone has action against the bacteria Acinetobacter baumannii, Clostridium difficile and Staphylococcus aureus, in addition to the Candida fungus, responsible for causing vaginal or intestinal candidiasis.

In addition, ozone therapy has also been used in dentistry to assist in the treatment and prevention of dental caries. Learn how to identify and treat tooth decay.

6. Complications of diabetes

Ozone therapy can also help reduce the risk of diabetes complications, such as diabetic foot ulcers or skin healing problems, as it has antioxidant action, reducing oxidative stress in the body, as well as improving blood circulation, activate the immune system and reduce tissue inflammation.

One study showed that ozone therapy, in people with diabetic foot ulcers, helps to close the wound faster and reduce the risk of skin infection.

7. Musculoskeletal diseases

Ozone therapy can help in the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases such as osteoarthritis, bursitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, herniated disc or temporomandibular joint disorder, for example, as it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic action, in addition to improve blood circulation in bones and cartilage, helping to reduce chronic pain caused by wear and tear or inflammation of the joints.

A study showed that applying ozone directly to the affected areas can help significantly reduce pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders and improve quality of life.

In addition, some studies show that ozone therapy can also be used to relieve chronic pain caused by fibromyalgia.

How it's done

Ozone treatment should be performed by a he althcare professional, such as a doctor or nurse, and can be done using different techniques that include:

  • Autohemotransfusion, in which a quantity of blood is taken from the person, mixed with ozone and then given back to the person intravenously;
  • Ozone injection, which can be done intravenously, directly into the vein, intramuscularly or between the vertebral discs, for example;
  • Skin application, which is performed by applying the gas directly to the skin, if you want to treat a wound, as in the case of diabetic foot ulcer;
  • Rectal insufflation, which is done using a device to blow ozone and oxygen through a catheter into the intestine. In addition, ozone insufflation can also be performed in other body cavities such as the nose, mouth or vagina.
  • Gas bath, which is done by placing the person in a chamber filled with ozone gas for inhalation in small amounts and for a short period of time.

The type of treatment varies according to the medical indication and must be performed individually, depending on the condition to be treated.

Possible side effects

Ozone therapy is safe and has few side effects, however, it may cause skin irritation, bruising, or pain at the injection site.

Furthermore, when ozone is used in excessive amounts or for prolonged periods through the inhaled gas bath, it can cause lung damage and respiratory problems, and therefore, this method is not often performed in practice. clinic.

When not to use

Ozone therapy should not be given to children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, people with acute myocardial infarction, uncontrolled hyperthyroidism, alcohol intoxication or blood problems, especially thrombocytopenia.

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