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H1N1 flu, also known as swine flu, is easily transmitted from person to person and is associated with respiratory complications, such as pneumonia, if not identified and treated correctly. Therefore, it is important that the person is aware of the symptoms of H1N1 flu so that treatment can be started soon afterwards. The main symptoms indicative of H1N1 flu are:
- Sudden fever exceeding 38°C;
- Intense cough;
- Constant headache;
- Pain in joints and muscles;
- Lack of appetite;
- Frequent chills;
- Stuffy nose, sneezing and shortness of breath;
- Nausea and vomiting
- General malaise.
According to the symptoms presented by the person, the general practitioner or pulmonologist can indicate whether an examination is necessary to identify the disease and verify the existence of associated complications and the most appropriate treatment.
What is the difference between the H1N1 flu and the common flu?
Although the H1N1 flu and the common flu are similar, in the case of the H1N1 flu, the headache is more intense and there may also be joint pain and shortness of breath. In addition, infection with the virus responsible for the H1N1 flu is associated with some respiratory complications, especially in children, the elderly and people who have a weakened immune system.
Therefore, it is usually recommended by the doctor that the H1N1 flu is treated with antivirals in order to prevent complications.On the other hand, the common flu does not require specific treatment, only rest and he althy eating are indicated, because the immune system is able to fight the disease naturally, with no risk of complications.
Unlike the H1N1 flu, the common flu does not present joint pain, the headache is more tolerable, there is no shortness of breath and there is a large amount of secretions.
How the diagnosis is made
The diagnosis of H1N1 flu is mainly made through a clinical examination performed by a general practitioner, infectious disease specialist or pulmonologist, in which the signs and symptoms presented by the person are evaluated.
In addition, in the most serious cases in which respiratory capacity is compromised, an analysis of the nose and throat secretions may be recommended to confirm the type of virus and, thus, the most appropriate treatment can be indicated. if necessary.
H1N1 flu in infants and children
In babies and children, the H1N1 flu leads to the same symptoms as in adults, however it is also common to see the occurrence of stomach pain and diarrhea. To identify this disease, one should be aware of the increase in crying and irritability in babies and be suspicious when the child says that the whole body hurts, as it can be a sign of headaches and muscle pain caused by this flu.
In cases of fever, cough and persistent irritability, contact the pediatrician to start the appropriate treatment as soon as possible, as the drugs are more effective when used within the first 48 hours of the illness.
Treatment can be done at home, but it is important to avoid contact with other babies and children so that the transmission of the disease does not occur, and it is recommended to avoid daycare or school for at least 8 days.
Learn how diet can help cure H1N1 flu faster in the video below.