General Practice 2022

Orlistate (xenical): what it is for, how to take it and side effects

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Orlistate (xenical): what it is for, how to take it and side effects
Orlistate (xenical): what it is for, how to take it and side effects
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Orlistat is a remedy indicated for weight loss because it acts directly on the gastrointestinal system, inhibiting some enzymes in the intestine, which blocks the absorption of part of the fat from food, causing it to be eliminated through the feces.

This drug can be found in pharmacies or drugstores, in the form of capsules, with the trade name Xenical, but it can also be found as a generic under the designation “orlistate”, or with the similar names Lipiblock or Orlipid, for example. example.

Orlistat should be used with medical advice and, in conjunction with a low-calorie diet, so that weight loss can be achieved more easily. Check out an example of a diet that should be done using Xenical.

What is it for

Orlistat is indicated for the treatment of overweight or obesity in adults, associated with a low-calorie diet. In addition, it is indicated for the maintenance of weight loss, preventing the recovery of lost weight.

By leading to weight loss, orlistat improves some diseases associated with obesity or overweight, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes, in addition to promoting a decrease in the amount of visceral fat.

How to take it

Orlistat should be taken orally, with a glass of water, with food containing 30% fat, or within 1 hour after eating.

The normally recommended dose of orlistat is 1 capsule of 120 mg, 3 times a day, for breakfast, lunch and dinner. In case you do not eat a meal or the meal does not contain fat, it is not necessary to take the dose of orlistat.

To maximize its effect, it is advisable to follow a weight loss diet guided by a nutritionist, since it is important to reduce the consumption of foods rich in fat such as fried foods, sausages, cakes or cookies, for example.

Orlistat should be used for the duration of treatment advised by the doctor. In addition, during treatment, the doctor may recommend the use of vitamin supplements, as orlistat can interfere with the absorption of vitamins, especially those that require fat to be absorbed by the intestine, such as vitamins A, D, E and K. In this case, the vitamin supplement should be taken at night, before going to bed or at least 2 hours before or after taking the orlistat capsule.

Possible side effects

The most common side effects that may arise during treatment with orlistat are diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea, fatty and oily stools, excess gas, urgency to have a bowel movement or increased number of bowel movements.

Furthermore, discontinue treatment with orlistat and seek medical help or the nearest emergency department if you experience symptoms such as severe stomach pain, lower back pain, blood in the urine, dark urine, pain when urinating or decreased amount of urine, swelling in the feet, hands or ankles, excessive tiredness, shortness of breath, pale stools or yellow skin and eyes.

Who should not take it

Orlistat should not be used by children, pregnant or breastfeeding women, people with chronic intestinal absorption problems, diarrhea, gallbladder problems or people who have had an organ transplant or are undergoing treatment with cyclosporine.

Furthermore, this remedy should not be used by people who are allergic to orlistat or any other component of the formula.

See other examples of weight loss remedies.

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