General Practice 2022

Constant sickness: 7 main causes (and what to do)

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Constant sickness: 7 main causes (and what to do)
Constant sickness: 7 main causes (and what to do)

Sickness, also called nausea, is the symptom that causes the urge to vomit and when this sign is constant, it can indicate specific conditions, such as pregnancy and the use of certain medications, such as chemotherapy, for example.

Some he alth problems can also cause constant nausea such as labyrinthitis, gastroesophageal reflux, anxiety and food intolerance and the treatment to improve this symptom depends on the indication of a doctor. In cases where constant nausea is associated with the appearance of other symptoms, such as bleeding from the mouth and fever, medical attention should be sought immediately.

This way, the main causes of constant motion sickness can be:

1. Pregnancy

During pregnancy, several hormonal changes occur, such as the appearance of chorionic gonadotropin, known as hCG, the increase in estrogen and progesterone and these changes lead to the emergence of changes in the body, such as breast pain, and also cause symptoms such as aversion to strong smells, dizziness and constant nausea.

Constant nausea caused by pregnancy occurs mainly between the 7th and 10th week, however, it can last longer, and in some cases this symptom lasts until the end of pregnancy.

What to do: to improve the symptoms of constant nausea during pregnancy it is important to spend less time on an empty stomach, avoiding prolonged fasting and it is also necessary to consume lighter, less fatty foods and avoiding fluid intake in the first two hours after waking up.

If constant nausea causes vomiting and does not go away, it is recommended to consult the obstetrician to indicate appropriate antiemetic medication for pregnant women.Also, ginger water is a natural remedy indicated for pregnant women who have constant nausea. Learn more about how to relieve seasickness with ginger.

2. Labyrinth

Labyrinthitis is an inflammation that occurs in the labyrinth nerve, an organ that is inside the ear, because of infections by viruses, bacteria, fungi or due to some injury in the ear region. This condition can also be triggered by eating certain types of food or traveling by boat, causing symptoms such as constant nausea, dizziness and ringing in the ears.

The diagnosis of labyrinthitis should be made by an otolaryngologist through the person's he alth history, as well as physical examination and tests such as audiometry.

What to do: The treatment for labyrinthitis is recommended by the otolaryngologist and consists of the use of antiemetic drugs to relieve nausea and dizziness and can also be done by changing the eating habits, avoiding foods that increase inflammation and dizziness, such as sugar and alcoholic beverages.Here's what to do to avoid the dizzy spells of labyrinthitis.

3. Gastroesophageal reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux is a condition that happens when stomach contents flow back into the esophagus and even the mouth, leading to symptoms such as constant nausea, a burning sensation in the throat or stomach, dry cough and pain. in the chest. See other reflux symptoms in adults and babies.

This type of reflux can occur because the valve that is in the esophagus is not able to prevent the stomach contents from returning and this occurs when a person has a hiatal hernia, for example. To diagnose gastroesophageal reflux, it is necessary to consult a gastroenterologist who will request tests, such as endoscopy and pH monitoring.

What to do: after the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor may recommend a treatment based on the use of drugs to reduce stomach acidity, to improve esophageal motility and accelerate the stomach emptying.In this case, you should also avoid drinking caffeine-rich drinks and consuming spicy foods.

4. Migraine

Migraine is a type of headache that is characterized by being recurrent and that gets worse when the person is stressed, does not eat or stays in contact with light and strong odors for a long time. In addition to headache, which can be pulsating, migraine can be associated with constant nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and sensitivity to light.

This condition occurs mainly in women and the causes are not yet well defined, but it arises due to changes in cerebral blood flow. See more about the main causes of migraine.

What to do: when symptoms of headache and nausea are constant, for more than 72 hours, it is recommended to seek care from a general practitioner or neurologist to indicate treatment more suitable than it may be with analgesic drugs, to relieve pain, and specific migraine drugs, such as zolmitriptan.Attacks can also be reduced with he althy eating habits, not eating strong foods and acupuncture sessions.

Watch a video with other tips on how to avoid migraine attacks:

5. Anxiety

Anxiety is an excessive worry about situations that did not happen or the exaggerated fear that some negative event will occur. This feeling can cause physical symptoms such as increased heart rate, excessive tiredness, constant nausea and even muscle pain.

To improve these symptoms and reduce anxiety, it is necessary to change daily habits, such as physical activity, relaxation and meditation techniques, aromatherapy techniques, for example. See more of what to do to combat stress and anxiety.

What to do: if, even with changes in habits, the person feels anxious and continues to have constant nausea and other symptoms, it is necessary to seek help from a psychology professional, to psychotherapy and consult a psychiatrist, because in more severe cases the treatment is based on the use of anxiolytic drugs.

6. Use of medication

Some medications can lead to constant nausea, especially those of continuous use such as antidepressants, such as sertraline and fluoxetine. Corticosteroids, antibiotics and anti-inflammatories tend to increase stomach acidity and this can also cause constant nausea.

Drugs used in chemotherapy and radiotherapy for cancer treatment can also cause constant nausea and therefore, in these cases, the doctor prescribes anti-emetic drugs even before the sessions, to prevent this nausea from being too strong.

What to do: if the person constantly feels sick when taking medication, it is necessary to consult a general practitioner to verify which treatment is most appropriate and treatment should not be abandoned, especially treatment with antidepressants, as the side effects tend to disappear over time, including constant nausea.

7. Food intolerance

Food intolerance is a condition that occurs when the body reacts to certain types of food and this reaction causes physical symptoms that can be constant nausea, diarrhea, bloating and belly pain. This condition is different from food allergy, as in an allergy the body leads to immediate reactions such as coughing, redness and itchy skin.

Some people can develop lactose intolerance, for example, which is the sugar present in cow's milk and very common in various types of food. Check out how to identify lactose intolerance.

What to do: If a person notices that they feel constant nausea after eating or drinking some type of food, it is recommended to consult a gastroenterologist to confirm the diagnosis of food intolerance, which can be done through blood tests. Treatment for food intolerance mainly consists of removing food from the diet or using enzymes, such as lactase, which help the body absorb the sugar from cow's milk.

Next, watch a video with important tips on what to eat in case of lactose intolerance:

When to go to the doctor

Generally, the presence of constant nausea does not indicate very serious diseases, however, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible, if in addition to this symptom there are other signs such as:

  • Bleeding from the mouth;
  • Excessive vomiting;
  • Fever;
  • Weakness;
  • Shortness of breath;
  • Chest pain.

These signs can indicate other more serious he alth problems, such as stomach and heart disorders and therefore require that the person see a doctor as soon as possible.

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