General Practice 2022

Hypoglycemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible complicationsções and what to do

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Hypoglycemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible complicationsções and what to do
Hypoglycemia in pregnancy: symptoms, possible complicationsções and what to do

Hypoglycemia in pregnancy occurs when the fasting glucose level is lower than normal, which can directly interfere with the functioning of the body and the development of the baby, especially when levels are very low. thus, there may be weakness, dizziness, numbness, double vision and cold sweat, for example.

In the presence of signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, it is important that the doctor is consulted so that the amount of circulating sugar and the risk for the mother and baby can be evaluated. It is usually recommended that women consume some carbohydrate source that promotes a rapid increase in blood glucose, and it is also important to eat every 2 to 3 hours.Here's what to do during a hypoglycemic crisis.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia in pregnancy

Symptoms of hypoglycemia occur due to decreased levels of circulating sugar and in cells, the main ones being:

  • Dizziness;
  • Weakness;
  • Fainting;
  • Pale skin;
  • Headache;
  • Sensation of numbness;
  • Confusion;
  • Double or blurry vision;
  • Sickness;
  • Cold sweat;
  • Difficulty performing daily activities.

Most of the time, when the blood glucose is corrected as soon as the symptoms of hypoglycemia are noticed, they do not have any sequel or negative consequence. Therefore, complications are more common in cases where the pregnant woman does not follow all the doctor's instructions.

To know if it is hypoglycemia, the doctor can, in addition to evaluating the symptoms presented by the woman, indicate the performance of tests that evaluate the levels of glucose in the blood, which can be done in fasting or after the meal. In general, hypoglycemia is considered when fasting glucose levels are below 70 mg/dL. Learn more about hypoglycemia.

Possible complications

Hypoglycemia in pregnancy, when not identified and treated, can interfere with the supply of oxygen to the brain, which can cause irreversible brain damage, coma and death. In addition, it is also possible to interfere with the baby's development, as well as the supply of oxygen, which can also cause irreversible brain damage and learning difficulties, for example.

What to do

Treatment for hypoglycemia should be done under the guidance of a doctor and consists of eating every 2 or 3 hours to ensure that there is a sufficient amount of glucose in the blood to guarantee the proper functioning of the woman's body and the correct baby development.

In general, it is recommended to consume foods with a low glycemic index, such as fruits with skin, whole grains, vegetables and lean meats, for example. In addition, it is important that the doctor is consulted on a regular basis so that it is possible to assess whether glucose levels are returning to normal and whether there are any complications for the baby, in which cases an ultrasound examination may also be indicated.

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