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White discharge during pregnancy is common and considered normal, as it happens due to the changes that happen during this period. However, when the discharge is accompanied by pain or burning when urinating, itching or bad smell, it can be a sign of infection or inflammation of the genital region, and it is important to consult the gynecologist for diagnosis and appropriate treatment to be initiated.
It is important that the cause of the white discharge is identified and treated, if necessary, to avoid complications during pregnancy that could endanger the baby's life, or infection of the baby during delivery, which can also interfere with its development in some cases.
The main causes of white discharge in pregnancy are:
1. Hormonal changes
White discharge in pregnancy usually happens due to hormonal changes typical of this period, and is not a cause for concern for women. In addition, it is normal that as the uterus is pressed according to the development of the pregnancy, the woman notices a greater volume of discharge.
What to do: As mild, odorless discharge in pregnancy is normal during pregnancy, no treatment is necessary. However, it is important that the woman observes the appearance of other signs or symptoms, and, if they appear, consult the doctor so that the diagnosis can be made and the appropriate treatment started.
Candidiasis is an infection caused by fungi, most often Candida albicans, which causes, in addition to white discharge, intense itching, redness and swelling in the genital area, in addition to burning and painful urination.
Candidiasis in pregnancy is a frequent situation, as the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy favor the proliferation of this microorganism, which is part of the normal microbiota of the vagina.
What to do: It is important that thrush in pregnancy is treated according to the doctor's advice to prevent infection of the baby at the time of delivery. Thus, the use of vaginal creams or ointments such as Miconazole, Clotrimazole or Nystatin may be indicated.
Learn how to identify and treat candidiasis in pregnancy.
Colpitis is also a condition that leads to the appearance of white discharge, similar to milk, which can be bullous and have a very strong smell, and corresponds to inflammation of the vagina and cervix that can be caused by fungi, bacteria or protozoa, mainly Trichomonas vaginalis.
What to do: It is important that the woman goes to the gynecologist so that an evaluation of the vagina and cervix can be carried out and the appropriate treatment can be indicated and, thus, prevent the baby from being infected or having complications during pregnancy, and the doctor may indicate the use of Metronidazole or Clindamycin.See how colpitis is treated.