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Week of gestation: 9 weeks
Equals to month: start of 3rd month
Equals to days: 57 to 63 days of gestation
In the 9th week of gestation, the baby is already considered a fetus, and development is marked by the disappearance of the embryonic tail and the beginning of the formation of organs such as the pancreas and liver. At this stage, the head is already more rounded, the first teeth begin to form inside the gum and the nose and ears are already more developed.
During this week, as the uterus grows and the baby develops, the belly starts to be noticed, and the woman may continue to have morning sickness, heartburn, a burning sensation in the stomach or the urge to urinate frequently.In addition, it is common at this stage to experience itching in the breasts, a change in the color of the nipples, which may become darker, and a feeling of heaviness and sensitivity in the breasts, due to hormonal changes.
In the 9th week of pregnancy, the fetus continues to develop rapidly, acquiring more human appearance. Physical characteristics, organs and body systems continue to develop.
The head is half its size, the face is wide, the eyes are wide apart and the eyelids continue to form and cover more of the eyes, but the fetus is still unable to open its eyes. At this stage, tiny tooth buds begin to develop within each band of the gum, and will develop into the baby teeth that will eventually fall out during childhood.
The embryonic tail disappears, the hands and feet become paddle-like and the little fingers and toes become more visible, as well as the earlobes and the tip of the nose that can be seen in profile.
The baby's heart and arterial system continue to develop as the rib bones and breastbone take shape, while the pancreas, liver, and bile ducts are forming.
At this stage the baby is already moving, bending and rocking, and these movements can be seen on the ultrasound, but the woman may not feel them yet.
The size of the fetus at 9 weeks of gestation is 2.5 to 3 centimeters, equivalent to the size of an olive.
Changes in a woman's body
By the 9th week of pregnancy, morning sickness and other symptoms, such as frequent urination, heartburn, a burning sensation in your stomach, and the emotional ups and downs of pregnancy, may continue. In addition, itchy breasts, full, heavy, and tender breasts may occur due to enlargement of the milk glands and fatty tissue, and the areolas may darken due to hormonal changes.
Excessive tiredness is very common at this stage, and can continue until the end of the third trimester, as the body is preparing for motherhood and metabolism and hormone levels in the body increase significantly, which causes a decrease in blood sugar and blood pressure, increasing the feeling of tiredness.
At this stage, the uterus continues to expand to accommodate the growing baby and mild cramping may develop. However, if the colic is severe or if you experience other pains, such as lower back pain, you should seek the obstetrician-gynecologist immediately.
Care during the 9th week
In the 9th week of pregnancy, some precautions are important to help alleviate the discomforts that may arise, such as:
- Morning sickness: if you are feeling very sick, your doctor may prescribe the use of medicine for morning sickness, but a good tip is to eat small meals frequently throughout the day and stay hydrated;
- The urge to urinate frequently: don't hold your urine and drink plenty of water to keep your body hydrated. If you feel burning when urinating, you should inform the doctor as it may be indicative of a urinary tract infection;
- Heartburn or burning sensation in the stomach: eat smaller meals throughout the day and avoid large meals at night, spicy or fatty foods;
- Excessive tiredness: Resting during the day, if possible, going to bed a little earlier at night, can help reduce fatigue and increase mood;
- Itchy breasts: Applying moisturizers or oils can help lessen this discomfort. There are specific products to be used in pregnancy that can be indicated by the doctor;
- Mild cramping: Resting, calming down, and relaxing can help ease cramping. However, it is always important to inform the doctor who carries out the prenatal care so that an evaluation can be carried out and, if necessary, the doctor will prescribe medication to relieve the discomfort.In case of severe cramps, you should immediately inform the doctor or go to the nearest emergency room.
Also, it is important to maintain a balanced diet, eat small portions, but frequently to keep blood glucose in balance and to ensure that nutrients reach the baby, drink at least 12 glasses of water a day, practice physical activities recommended by the doctor and rest whenever possible. Another important precaution is to continue taking the prenatal vitamins recommended by the doctor and avoid taking medication on your own.