Table of contents:
Week of gestation: 29 weeks
Equals to the month: 2nd week of the 7th month
Equals to days: 197 to 203 days of gestation
At the 29th week of pregnancy, the baby's development is marked by starting to better control the rhythm of breathing and body temperature due to the development of the brain that better controls these functions.
The baby already has less wrinkled skin due to the accumulation of fat on the skin and the bones are getting harder and harder.
During this week, the woman may continue to have symptoms of leg cramps, or Braxton-Hicks contractions, and excessive tiredness and enlargement of the feet may develop, which may become wider and longer.
In the 29th week of pregnancy, the baby's organs and senses continue to develop and new cells multiply all the time. The head is growing and the brain is very active, gaining this week the function of controlling the rhythm of breathing and body temperature.
The baby's skin starts to get thicker and less wrinkled, with a more reddish color, and the bones are increasingly rigid, consuming more calcium from the woman's diet.
In this week of pregnancy, if the baby is a boy, the testicles descend from close to the kidneys to the groin, towards the scrotum. In the case of girls, the clitoris is a little more protruding, because it has not yet been covered by the labia, which will only occur completely in the last weeks before birth.
Baby size and weight
Baby size at 29 weeks gestation is about 37.5 centimeters measured from head to toe and about 26.4 centimeters from head to butt, which is equivalent to the size of a green pumpkin. The baby's weight this week is about 1.35 Kg.
Changes in a woman's body
In the 29th week of pregnancy, due to the pressure of the uterus on the intestine and decreased bowel movements, the woman may experience constipation. In addition, symptoms of Braxton Hicks contraction, leg cramps, or heartburn may continue.
At this stage of pregnancy, it is also common for women to experience excessive tiredness, and due to the normal hormonal changes in pregnancy, the feet can become wider and longer, and it is recommended to wear larger shoes.
Care during the 29th week
At the 29th week of pregnancy, some precautions are important to help alleviate the discomforts that may arise, such as:
- Constipation: Keep your body hydrated by drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day and eating more fiber in the form of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables. Practicing physical exercises regularly recommended by the doctor, can also help improve intestinal transit and relieve this discomfort;
- Heartburn: Not lying down after meals and eating small amounts at less than 2-3 hour intervals can help alleviate this discomfort. Another important measure is to avoid drinking liquids during meals and to avoid eating fried, spicy or very spicy foods. See other tips on how to relieve heartburn in pregnancy;
- Braxton-Hicks Contractions: Moving your body or doing physical exercises recommended by your doctor help relieve the discomfort of contractions. However, if the contraction is strong, very frequent or accompanied by other symptoms such as back pain, vaginal bleeding or liquid discharge, medical help should be sought immediately, as the woman may have gone into labor.Know the signs of labor;
- Leg cramps: get some exercise by gently stretching the calf, massaging the calf, applying warm compresses, or using recommended supplements such as calcium, magnesium or vitamin B doctor, can help reduce cramps. In addition, it is important to keep the body hydrated, drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day, to help improve blood circulation in the legs and prevent cramps;
- Excessive tiredness: Resting during the day, if possible, going to bed a little earlier at night, can help reduce tiredness and increase mood.
It is important to maintain a balanced diet including fresh fruits and vegetables and eat small portions, but frequently to ensure that nutrients reach the baby, drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, practice recommended physical activities by the doctor and rest whenever possible.Check out how to eat during pregnancy.
In addition, it is recommended to increase the consumption of foods rich in calcium such as milk, cheese, spinach, sardines and broccoli, which is essential to strengthen the baby's bones. See the complete list of foods rich in calcium.
Throughout your pregnancy, it is important to continue taking the vitamins and supplements prescribed by your doctor and avoid taking medication on your own.